The Spine or vertebral column is an important, complicated structure that houses the Spinal Cord and serves as a pillar to support the body’s weight. A healthy spine is important to ensure a good quality of life. The spine, however, is susceptible to several medical issues; this includes diseases such as Spina bifida, Spondylolisthesis and Spinal disc herniation (slipped disc). It can also be affected by injuries caused by accidents, sports etc. Other spinal issues include birth defects and Spinal tumours.
While many Spinal issues can be treated by medicine and therapy, the modern, sedentary lifestyle has led to a massive increase in the risk of back pains and injuries, and as a consequence, the increasing need for spinal surgeries.
The Orthopaedic and Neuro Surgeons of Narayana Health carry with them years of training, experience and practice. They are equipped with the latest in surgical instruments and are supported by capable medical professionals to ensure the right diagnosis, care and treatment of patients with spinal ailments. Also at hand are capable of physiotherapists and support staff to help patients recover mobility and freedom after their surgical procedures.
Our orthopaedics and neurosurgeons are experts at performing various types of spine surgeries. Surgery can be helpful when you’re suffering from spine problems that can be physically corrected such as a herniated disc or spondylolisthesis. It’s essential, however, for cases of serious infection or tumour.
Here are some of the most common spine surgeries:
This is a type of surgery where a herniated disc is removed. This surgery can be classified into two categories:
- Percutaneous - In this case, a part of the disc is removed with a laser or suction device with the help of a probe placed after making an incision.
- Microsurgical - In this case, the damaged part of the disc along with a part of the bone covering the spinal canal is removed with the help of a microscope.
This is a type of surgery done to enlarge the spinal column when spinal stenosis creates pressure on the root of the nerves. In this surgical procedure, the lamina which acts as a protective back cover to the spinal cord is removed.
In this type of surgery, two or more vertebrae are fused together through welding. When a spine has been affected by tumours or infections, then it causes pain when normal movements such as lifting or bending are done. Spinal fusion helps to prevent the motion between the vertebrae that causes the pain from the affected spines. It can also help to stop the growth of a spinal deformity such as scoliosis, or an injured or loose vertebra.
Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty
These surgeries are very similar and performed to alleviate the pain and other related problems compression fractures of vertebrae. The vertebrae are injected with a cement-like substance using a very thick injection. Although the procedure for both these surgeries is identical, however, kyphoplasty has an extra step. Before injecting the substance, a balloon-like device is inserted into the vertebra and inflated so as to prevent any deformity.
Spine Surgery FAQ's
Most back pains can be treated without surgery. Surgeries are mostly conducted in the case of musculoskeletal injuries or any form of nerve compression. Ruptured disks, spinal stenosis, vertebral fractures are some of the conditions that demand a back or spine surgery. Different types of surgeries include,
- Spinal Laminectomy
- Spinal Fusion
- Artificial Disk Replacement
Risks in spine surgery are minimal. that said, the possibility exists and can include;
- Heart attack
- Reaction to medication or anaesthesia
- Blood clots in your lungs or legs
- Nerve damage.
The occurrence of risks depends on the condition of the patient and the type of surgery performed.
Recovery from back surgery depends on various factors such as the patient’s condition before the surgery, age and the type of surgery conducted.
- Diskectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a part or all of your disk. Recovery after this surgery is mostly quick but you may feel pain and weakness along the path of the nerve but it should pass in a few weeks.
- Fusion surgery and laminectomy take longer for recovery. Healing of the bones can go anywhere from 3 months to a year.
- Recovery from spinal fusion can take anywhere from a month to 6 months for recovery. In the case of spinal fusion, recovery can also depend on the age of the patient.
Laminectomy is one of the most common types of spine surgery. In Laminectomy, the surgeon removes a part of the bone called lamina or ligaments in your back. After the surgery, the pressure on the spinal nerves is released which eases the pain or weakness in the area.
Mostly your primary physician will refer you to a good spine surgeon. Always ensure that the surgeon you’re referred to,
- Is qualified and has experience of performing successful spine surgeries
- The hospital that the doctor is associated with
- The doctor should be able to give you precise and clear details about your condition and the surgery