Speech & Swallow Rehabilitation
Speech Pathology is a speciality which deals with the assessment and treatment of speech, language, voice and swallowing disorders. These are usually caused by brain damage/trauma/stroke, cancer, infection, birth anomalies or associated with surgical complications in paediatric, adult and geriatric population.
Both adults and children can be affected by speech disorders. Timely diagnosis and suitable treatment are the recommended ways to manage these conditions. These disorders can be a result of post-traumatic experiences, neurological or developmental conditions.
The causes may include;
- Neurological disorders
- Vocal cord paralysis
- Muscle weakness
- Respiratory weakness
- Nodules on the vocal cords
- Oral cancer
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Cleft Palate
Depending on the cause and severity of the condition, the treatment can vary. The two types of treatment options mainly include speech therapy exercises to familiarize with words and sounds. The second type is physical exercises for strengthening the vocal muscles.
Diagnosis of Speech Disorders: What to expect?
Speech therapists can recommend several tests based on the type and severity of the condition. Delayed treatment can slow the success rate of the recovery process. It is best to reach out for treatment at the earliest. Some of the procedures that the doctor can recommend include;
- Denver Articulation Screening Exam
This test is mainly conducted on children between the age group of 2 to 7 to diagnose articulation disorders. DASE is a five-minute test that evaluates the clarity in pronunciation.
- Early language milestones scale 2
This particular test is conducted to identify language disorders and any signs of delayed speech.
- Peabody picture vocabulary test
This test was established in the year 1959 and has been revised several times since its inception. The test evaluates a person’s vocabulary and his/her ability to speak. The person is made to listen to words and choose pictures that best describe them.
The treatment and recovery period from speech disorders largely depends on the severity of the condition. Speech disorders can also lead to other experiences such as embarrassment, anxiety or depression. In such cases, speech therapies may have to be combined with talk therapies for better support.
Our services include a complete assessment of these disorders using the most technologically advanced instrumentation.
Scope of Services
Specialities include Oncology - Head and Neck Oncology, Neurosurgery, Paediatric Surgery, GI Surgery, Haematology, Medical and Radiation Oncology.
- Trauma - Neuro, ENT, Paediatric and Maxillofacial
- Developmental - Paediatric & ENT Degenerative Neurological Disorders
- ICU - Cardiac, Neuro, Medical & Surgical, Paediatric and Neonatal
- Syndromes - Genetics, Paediatrics & Cranio-Maxillo Facial
Services & Facilities, Diseases & Treatments
Speech therapy- Degenerative Disorders, Strokes, Stammering, Fast Speech, Mispronunciation & Unclear Speech
Voice therapy- Vocal Abuse, Misuse, Vocal Cord Pathologies, Cancer, Clefts. Video Laryngoscopy, Nasal Endoscopy and Video Fluoroscopy
Swallow therapy- Laryngomalacia, Trauma, Strokes, Tumors in children, Cancer, Stenosis, Trauma, Stroke, Degenerative Disorders, Clefts, Syndromes. Fiberoptic Endoscopic Swallow Test, Videofluoroscopic Swallow Study Test
Areas of Special Interest
- Alaryngeal Speech following Laryngectomy
- Speech & Swallow Rehabilitation following Head and Neck Cancers
- Voice Care - Professional voice users (Singers, actors, radio jockeys, teachers, salesman, clergy, politicians, police officers, IT professionals, bus conductors)
Speciality Clinic Details
- Voice & Swallow Clinic - Every Wednesday
- Stoma Clinic - Every Wednesday
- Laryngectomy & Glossectomy Clinic – once a month
Medical Education & Research
- Ongoing PhD projects & research publications on speech and swallow pathology
- Internship training for Speech Pathology & Audiology students from various institutions
- Social initiatives- Free speech & hearing camps
- Public Awareness Campaigns- World Voice day, Cancer Survivors day
- Mass media Initiative - Television programmes on local and national television
- Scientific presentations at various national and international forums
Speech And Swallow Rehabilitation FAQ's
There are a few steps you can take to make eating and drinking easier such as:
- Better positioning
- Amount and rate of eating
- Food consistency
- Saliva management
- Frequent swallowing
- They are encouraged to use books, pictures, and other objects to interact and to help stimulate language development.
- The child and parents are taught strategies on how to do speech therapy at home
- Activities that promote cognitive-communication.
- Breathing exercises
- Oral Muscle-strengthening exercises
- Tactics to improve social communication