NICU & PICU
Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) at Narayana Health hospitals provide specialist – specialized care to premature and unwell new-borns. The neonatal intensive care units are manned by a highly trained team of neonatologists, nurses and other medical professionals. The neonatal ICUs are designed to provide maximum safety, comfort, and medical care to the infants. The NICU is used in cases such as —
- Premature birth
- Extremely low birth weight
- Major birth defects
- Neonatal jaundice
- Infant respiratory distress syndrome
Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU) at Narayana Health is designed for close observation and care of critically ill children and adolescents. The PICUs are manned by a multi-disciplinary team of paediatric specialists and medical staff. The units also feature advanced medical equipment to aid in the monitoring and care of infants while conforming to stringent national standards. The PICU is used in cases of
- Severe infections
- After extensive surgery
- Immunological disorders
NICU & PICU FAQs
Babies are admitted to the NICU when they are born early, have health problems or had a difficult birth. At the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit), these babies receive around-the-clock care from a team of expert healthcare professionals.
Usually, babies are shifted to the NICU within twenty-four hours of their birth, and the length of their stay depends on their health condition. Some babies have to stay for a few hours or days, while others may stay for weeks or months. NICU is also known as a special care nursery, an intensive care nursery and a new-born intensive care nursery.
Parents are allowed to visit and spend time with their babies staying in the NICU, but other family members can visit only during set hours and only a few at a time. Children visiting the NICU must not be sick and have all their immunizations.
You can always check with the hospital staff about which family members can see the baby. Some units require the visitors to wear hospital gowns, gloves and mask before entering. This is crucial as it keeps the NICU clean and prevents babies from getting exposed to the germs.
Parents are often alarmed by all the medical equipment that they see in the NICU, but they are there to keep the baby well and healthy. Some of the equipment that you may find are:
- nfant warmers: The small beds with heaters over them help the babies stay warm.
- Incubators: These are small temperature-controlled beds enclosed by clear, hard plastic which helos maintaining your baby’s body temperature.
- Phototherapy: Phototherapy is quite helpful in the treatment of jaundice in newborns.
- Monitors: They help doctors and nurses to keep track of the baby’s vital signs.
- Feeding tubes: Premature babies may not be able to breastfeed or take a bottle yet. Feeding tubes are used to offer them nutrition.
- IVs: IVs allow medicines to be administered in small amounts through the vein.
- Ventilators: Babies in the NICU may not have breathing support. To help them breathe, the ventilator is connected to them by an endotracheal tube placed through the mouth or nose.
Children are admitted to the PICU when they are seriously ill and their medical needs can’t be met on the main hospital floors. They might be suffering from severe breathing problems from asthma, serious infections, heart conditions, complications of diabetes or involved in a serious accident.
Kids may have to be transferred to the PICU for several days if they underwent major surgery. How long they stay in the PICU depends on their condition. It is recommended to always ask the doctor or nurse about how to care for your child in the PICU.
Some kids can go their home directly from the PICU, while some others may still have to stay on the regular floor of the hospital for follow-up care. But that is a significant improvement as it means that your child no longer needs intensive monitoring and care, and they are stable.
The hospital’s regular floor will offer the necessary resources and care for the speedy recovery of your child.