Family Medicine: Disorders, Procedures, Diagnosis & Treament | Narayana Health
Family Medicine

Family Medicine

We at Narayana Health provide continuing, Comprehensive Health Care for the individual and for the entire family.

Have a Question ?

By Clicking Submit, I agree to have read & understood the Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy of Narayana Health & give my consent to contact me.

Warning message

The subscription service is currently unavailable. Please try again later.

Family Medicine

Family medicine is a specialty that provides comprehensive healthcare for a person or a family. This medical specialty amalgamates biological, clinical, and behavioral sciences. Family medicine has great scope and it encompasses all ages, genders, organ systems, and diseases. You can always visit the top family medicine hospitals to get a routine health checkup.

Why choose Narayana Health?

Family Medicine (FM) or Family Healthcare, formerly known as Family Practice (FP), is a medical speciality devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages. The specialist is called family physician, family doctor, or formerly known as family practitioner. It is a division of primary care that provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family across all ages, genders, diseases and specialities.

It is based on knowledge of the patient in the context of the family and the community, emphasizing disease prevention and health promotion. According to the World Organization of Family Doctors (Wonca), the aim of family medicine is to provide personal, comprehensive and continuing care for the individual in the context of the family and the community. The issues of values underlying this practice are usually known as primary care ethics.

As a leading multispecialty hospital chain in India, we know how family dynamics can affect each member's health and overall well-being. We address the physical, emotional, mental, and social needs of children, adolescents, adults, and seniors. We also provide comprehensive care to expectant mothers and babies and nurture a comprehensive family healthcare.

Common illnesses treated:

If you have to visit the best family healthcare hospital in India then you need to be aware of the kind of diseases treated by primary medical care. Some of them are as follows-


This is a common lung disease that causes inflammation in the main air passages of the lungs. Some of the common symptoms include severe coughing, which can also be mistaken for a common cold. People who are suffering from bronchitis for a long period are known to have chronic bronchitis.

Fluctuating blood pressure-

This is a common illness that is treated by a family medicine hospital in India. If not treated as soon as possible, high and low blood pressure can lead to serious issues like heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, and other crucial conditions. This is why family medicine and primary doctors check their patient’s blood pressure whenever they come in for an appointment.


Two major types of diabetes affect the general population- Type 1 and 2 diabetes. Family medicine helps make a proper diagnosis of diabetes by helping them perform a blood glucose test.

High cholesterol-

If not kept in check, high cholesterol can lead to many dangerous heart conditions. High cholesterol levels can cause heart attack and stroke if not attended. Cholesterol levels can shoot up when your diet, weight, and physical activity levels are not kept in check.


This is a chronic lung disease that usually starts from childhoods; it leads to shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. Various factors can induce asthma, including genetic factors.

Headaches and Migraines-

Everyone is bound to experience a minor headache now and then. But, when those headaches go from mild to intense and stay for a long time, that’s where it can get worrisome and may signal a problem. Strong and painful headaches that can render a person helpless are usually classified as migraines.

Respiratory infections-

If a respiratory or sinus infection is not treated immediately then it can lead to other health problems. Sinus infections can start by being uncomfortable and then build up and get worse over time.

Here are some of the other illnesses that are treated by primary care physicians-

  • Scrapes and cuts
  • Broken bones
  • Sprains
  • Inflammation in the arms and legs
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Menopause
  • Minor burns
  • Cancer screenings
  • Nosebleeds
  • Fever and cold
  • Allergies
  • Skin conditions
  • Fungal infections

If you suffer from any of the illnesses mentioned above then you have to visit a family medicine hospital.

Diagnosis in family medicine-

In every family medicine hospital, diagnosis is an important implication for patient care, research, and implementation of policies. The diagnostic process in primary medicine is as follows-

Firstly, a patent will experience a health problem. This is where they will accept that something is not right and decide to meet with a medical professional.

Next, the primary care doctor will start a process that includes information gathering, integration, and interpretation. This will help them come to a working diagnosis.

If the symptoms are severe and can’t be treated with basic medication, then the family doctor will perform a clinical history interview and order some tests which will gather information and help them understand the patient’s health problem.

It’s also important that you communicate with your doctor about your current symptoms. This will help them make the proper diagnosis.

Treatment Benefits of primary care physicians-

Primary care includes health promotion, prevention of diseases, health maintenance, counseling, diagnosis, patient education, and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses.

They follow your life cycle:

Since family doctors treat a wide range of conditions they can be primary care doctors at any point in your life. This is beneficial to you and your family because in the long term it means that you are building a lasting relationship with a family doctor.

They know your personal and family history:

When a doctor treats you for a long time it means they have an accurate history of your medical records, and when they treat various generations of the family they get accurate information of the family health history.

Family doctors treat more than you think:

Family doctors do more than a yearly checkup, they help you manage chronic conditions like diabetes and arthritis, as well as treat acute situations like sinus infections. They can also perform minor surgical procedures like freezing warts or draining an abscess.

Family Medicine FAQ's

What is family medicine?

Formerly known as Family Practice, Family medicine is a medical specialty that is devoted to complete health care for people of all ages. The specialist is called a family doctor or family physician. The name stresses the holistic nature of the specialty. Family medicine is a part of primary health care that helps provide comprehensive and continuous health care for an individual and families of all ages, genders, suffering from all kinds of diseases.

What is unique about family medicine?

Family medicine hospitals have unique contributions to health care. Family medicine’s cornerstone is an ongoing, personal patient-physician relationship. Family medicine includes a broad-spectrum approach to primary care that is if you consider social determinants and community factors that impact health.

Is family medicine a specialty?

Family medicine is a medical specialty that is dedicated to comprehensive health care for people of all ages. The specialist is named as the family physician.

What are the tips for choosing a family physician?

Find a doctor from one of the best hospitals in India that meets your health needs-

Once you have a list of in-network doctors, you can best family healthcare begin to narrow down options. There are several types of doctors who can be identified as primary care physicians.

Ask for referrals –

People usually feel at ease when they visit a doctor who is referred to them by someone they trust. So, you can ask around and check on the doctors who are visited by your friends and family members.

Think about logistics-

If you want a doctor located close to your home or office then you will have to use a doctor directory or search for a reputed family medicine hospital online. When searching for the best family healthcare hospital in India, ensure that you check on essential factors like location, working hours, and doctors.

What are the subspecialties involved in family medicine?

Some of the major specialties that are involved in a family medicine hospitals are-

Adolescent medicines- This specialist is a multidisciplinary health care specialist that is trained in the unique physical, psychological, and social characteristics.

Geriatric medicines- This is a family physician that has special knowledge in the ageing process and skills in diagnostic and preventive medicines.

Hospice and palliative medicine- Here the family physician provides care to prevent suffering or limit it for patients who are suffering from life-limiting illnesses.

Pain medicine- This is where the doctor will diagnose and treat patients who are experiencing problems with chronic and acute pain.

Sports medicine- These family physicians specialize in treating and preventing injuries that happen due to sports and exercise.