Heart ailments and problems among children below the age of 18, although not very common, are increasing at an alarming rate in the country today. These may be arising from a variety of factors, including, but not limited to the following:
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Smoking and consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy etc.
- Viral infection during the first trimester of pregnancy
Cardiac ailments in children can take a variety of forms, from minor ailments that can be cured by short- term medication, to ones that may require surgical intervention.Pediatric Cardiologists are trained specifically to diagnose, treat and prevent heart ailments in children. They work closely with primary care paediatricians to provide comprehensive care.
Heart problems in children are very rare and different from that in adults. In most cases, children are diagnosed with congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are the most commonly diagnosed birth defect. The defects meddle with the structure of the heart which includes the valves, arteries and veins of the heart.
Some of the commonly diagnosed pediatric heart conditions and their treatment include;
- Aortic Coarctation
This condition is caused by narrowing of the aorta. The condition is treated by removing the narrowed parts or with the insertion of a stent into the narrowed vessel.
- Aortic Valve Stenosis
A deformed and narrow heart valve that restricts blood flow. The pediatric cardiologist can choose from surgical and non-surgical means for valve replacement. Balloon valvuloplasty is one of the treatment methods used to open the valve.
Arrhythmia refers to irregular heart rhythm. Treatment options for arrhythmia include medications, pacemaker implantation, catheter ablation or removal of the tissue causing the condition.
Endocarditis refers to the infection of the heart which can be treated with medication. Surgery can be an option but not the most preferred.
A condition caused due to a thickened heart that doesn’t pump the blood well is cardiomyopathy. Treatment options for the condition include medication and surgery.
- Pulmonary Artery Stenosis
The heart vessel, pulmonary artery, that carries blood from the heart to the lungs narrows down obstructing the blood flow. This condition can be treated with the help of an angioplasty. Surgical treatment options are opted for in case of failure of non-surgical options.
Congenital heart defects can vary from simple to life-threatening conditions. The warning signs and symptoms which suggest congenital heart defects are;
- Low birth weight
- Chest pain
- Delayed growth
- Bluish lips, fingers and skin
- Difficulty in feeding
Keeping your child’s health and well-being, we at Narayana Health offer the following services in order to take care of your child’s heart:
- Diagnostic Electrophysiology studies
- Catheter Ablation of Arrhythmias
- Lead Extraction
- Resynchronization therapy for heart failure
- Transtelephonic arrhythmia monitoring
- Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillators and follow-up treatment
At Narayana Health, we understand the importance of instant and proper treatment of any and every heart ailment, and thus, with a team comprising of the best child cardiologists and experts in the country, we aim to give your child the best possible care and treatment.
Electrophysiological Study Centre
Electrophysiology Interventions have been pioneered at Narayana Health and one of the largest numbers of Radiofrequency Ablations in the country are being performed here. These include procedures on SVT and VT. Procedures are done using state-of-the-art mapping systems.
All forms of device implants, including Pacemakers, ICDs and CRT are done – again among the highest in the country.
Narayana Health is one of the few hospital groups in the country offering LEAD EXTRACTION non- surgically in patients infected leads.
Narayana Health is one of the pioneers in the country in Renal Denervation Therapy in Resistant Hypertension.
NH Arrhythmia Service
NH Arrhythmia Centre working under the aegis of the Division of Cardiology implements a proven, integrated approach for the management of these heart rhythm conditions. Hospitals and Clinics of Narayana Health group across the Country are seamlessly integrated to provide state-of-the-art management in Cardiac Arrhythmias. A dedicated team of highly trained cardiac electro-physiologists work together to provide advanced Noninvasive and Invasive Arrhythmia services. The use of new technology and research keeps Narayana Health at the front line of clinical expertise.
Emergency Cardiac Services
All cardiac emergencies are treated at Narayana Health in the fully equipped Intensive Coronary Care Unit (ICCU). These include
- Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
- Sudden breathlessness (Acute Left Ventricular Failure)
- Angioplasty for Heart Attack
Paediatric Cardiology FAQ's
- Control Diabetes: The mother can decrease the danger of congenital heart defects by keeping her diabetes in control.
- Avoid Alcohol and Smoking: Alcohol and smoking increases the risk of congenital heart defects
- Heredity: Genetic testing at the beginning of the pregnancy can detect such disorders
- Genetic problems in the child
- Consumption of alcohol or certain medications during pregnancy
- A viral infection in the mother in the first trimester of pregnancy