Paediatric Cardiac Surgery: Type, Procedures & Cost | Narayana Health
Cardiology - Paediatric

Cardiology - Paediatric

Our Cardiology Department has a dedicated section for Paediatric Disorders. We can assure you the best treatment along with world-class care.

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Cardiology Paediatric

Pediatric cardiology at a National Health Organization is about providing the diagnosis and treatment of cardiology diseases in infants and children. Narayana health care center provides multidisciplinary care that offers dietetics, socialist staff nurses, physicians, and therapists. Pediatric cardiologists in India specialize in diagnosing and treating heart diseases in babies, children, and infants. Children can be affected by many heart problems. Some infants are born with some structural defects. Pediatric cardiologists specialize in diagnosing and treating these defects in the heart.

Heart ailments and problems among children below the age of 18, although not very common, are increasing at an alarming rate in the country today. These may be arising from a variety of factors, including, but not limited to the following:

  • Genetics
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Smoking and consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy etc.
  • Viral infection during the first trimester of pregnancy

Cardiac ailments in children can take a variety of forms, from minor ailments that can be cured by short- term medication, to ones that may require surgical intervention.Pediatric Cardiologists are trained specifically to diagnose, treat and prevent heart ailments in children. They work closely with primary care paediatricians to provide comprehensive care.

Heart problems in children are very rare and different from that in adults. In most cases, children are diagnosed with congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are the most commonly diagnosed birth defect. The defects meddle with the structure of the heart which includes the valves, arteries and veins of the heart.

Pediatric cardiologists - the best care for children

Children’s heart problems differ from adults. Narayana health care center’s experts in pediatric cardiology are well trained to diagnose and treat the desired heart problems of the children. Pediatric cardiologists work closely with primary care pediatricians to give comprehensive care to child patients. Narayana health care’s pediatric cardiologists work exclusively to treat patients with heart problems. If your pediatrician suggests that your child needs to check with expert cardiologists, Narayana health care would be the best option to choose for better diagnosis and treatment with the best possible care.

Qualifications required to become a pediatric cardiologist

Pediatric cardiologists must have the following qualifications

  • Four years of a medical college degree
  • Three years of pediatric residency
  • Three or more years of training in pediatric cardiology

Few cardiologists take a special interest in particular areas to diagnose and treat heart problems in children. A common focus in areas are as follows:

  • Advanced imaging methods
  • Heart failure and heart transplant
  • The heart’s electrical system
  • Heart care of infants in cardiac ICU
  • Heart catheterization procedures

Commonly diagnosed pediatric heart conditions

Some of the commonly diagnosed pediatric heart conditions and their treatment include;

  • Aortic Coarctation

This condition is caused by narrowing of the aorta. The condition is treated by removing the narrowed parts or with the insertion of a stent into the narrowed vessel.

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

A deformed and narrow heart valve that restricts blood flow. The pediatric cardiologist can choose from surgical and non-surgical means for valve replacement. Balloon valvuloplasty is one of the treatment methods used to open the valve.

  • Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia refers to irregular heart rhythm. Treatment options for arrhythmia include medications, pacemaker implantation, catheter ablation or removal of the tissue causing the condition.

  • Endocarditis

Endocarditis refers to the infection of the heart which can be treated with medication. Surgery can be an option but not the most preferred.

  • Cardiomyopathy

A condition caused due to a thickened heart that doesn’t pump the blood well is cardiomyopathy. Treatment options for the condition include medication and surgery.

  • Pulmonary Artery Stenosis

The heart vessel, pulmonary artery, that carries blood from the heart to the lungs narrows down obstructing the blood flow. This condition can be treated with the help of an angioplasty. Surgical treatment options are opted for in case of failure of non-surgical options.

Congenital heart defects can vary from simple to life-threatening conditions. The warning signs and symptoms which suggest congenital heart defects are;

  • Low birth weight
  • Chest pain
  • Delayed growth
  • Bluish lips, fingers and skin
  • Difficulty in feeding

Keeping your child’s health and well-being, we at Narayana Health offer the following services in order to take care of your child’s heart:

  • Diagnostic Electrophysiology studies
  • Catheter Ablation of Arrhythmias
  • Lead Extraction
  • Cardioversion
  • Resynchronization therapy for heart failure
  • Transtelephonic arrhythmia monitoring
  • Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillators and follow-up treatment

At Narayana Health, we understand the importance of instant and proper treatment of any and every heart ailment, and thus, with a team comprising of the best child cardiologists and experts in the country, we aim to give your child the best possible care and treatment.

Electrophysiological Study Centre

Electrophysiology Interventions have been pioneered at Narayana Health and one of the largest numbers of Radiofrequency Ablations in the country are being performed here. These include procedures on SVT and VT. Procedures are done using state-of-the-art mapping systems.

All forms of device implants, including Pacemakers, ICDs and CRT are done – again among the highest in the country.

Narayana Health is one of the few hospital groups in the country offering LEAD EXTRACTION non- surgically in patients infected leads.

Narayana Health is one of the pioneers in the country in Renal Denervation Therapy in Resistant Hypertension.

NH Arrhythmia Service

NH Arrhythmia Centre working under the aegis of the Division of Cardiology implements a proven, integrated approach for the management of these heart rhythm conditions. Hospitals and Clinics of Narayana Health group across the Country are seamlessly integrated to provide state-of-the-art management in Cardiac Arrhythmias. A dedicated team of highly trained cardiac electro-physiologists work together to provide advanced Noninvasive and Invasive Arrhythmia services. The use of new technology and research keeps Narayana Health at the front line of clinical expertise.

Emergency Cardiac Services

All cardiac emergencies are treated at Narayana Health in the fully equipped Intensive Coronary Care Unit (ICCU). These include

  • Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
  • Sudden breathlessness (Acute Left Ventricular Failure)
  • Angioplasty for Heart Attack

Paediatric Cardiology FAQ's

What is paediatric cardiology?

Paediatric cardiology deals with the irregularities and ailments of the heart in kids below 18 years of age. Different types of heart diseases or conditions can affect children in their early childhood or they may suffer from congenital defects. Paediatric cardiologists specialize in diagnosing and treating children suffering from heart problems.

What does a paediatric cardiothoracic surgeon do?

A paediatric cardiothoracic surgeon is a doctor who specializes in surgical interventions for treating diseases and ailments that affect the heart of a kid below 18 years of age. Children may face minor or major defects either inside the heart or in the large blood vessels outside the heart. Some heart problems may need surgeries that are performed by paediatric cardiothoracic surgeons.

What precautions must one take during pregnancy to prevent heart defects in children?

The heart begins to take shape and starts beating in the first six weeks of pregnancy. Any issues during this time can cause structural problems in the heart. The minor defects do not need treatment but the others demand surgeries. To avoid such problems the mother could avoid certain risk factors like,

  • Control Diabetes: The mother can decrease the danger of congenital heart defects by keeping her diabetes in control.
  • Avoid Alcohol and Smoking: Alcohol and smoking increases the risk of congenital heart defects
  • Heredity: Genetic testing at the beginning of the pregnancy can detect such disorders

How long does it take a baby to recover from heart surgery?

The recovery period of the baby can differ based on the severity of their condition and the surgery performed. This period can vary from 3 days to a couple of months. The baby will need frequent follow-up visits with the doctor. Parents must take adequate precautions to avoid any kind of infection.

What causes babies to have heart defects?

Sometimes, doctors find it difficult to estimate the specific reason for a congenital heart defect in a baby. But the most common reasons are:

  • Genetic problems in the child
  • Consumption of alcohol or certain medications during pregnancy
  • A viral infection in the mother in the first trimester of pregnancy