Blood bank at Narayana Health is of one of the largest hospital-based blood banks and frequently conducts irradiation of blood components and plateletpheresis. Our blood bank has an unparalleled track record. We make sure that the correct type of blood is provided by following strict quality control measures. Before issuing to the patients, the Blood Bank conducts all the important tests pertaining to blood transfusion. Narayana Health group frequently conducts various donation camps for people to voluntarily donate blood and encourage patients and their family members to donate blood at the blood bank.
Once separated, one unit of blood can be transfused to different patients to cater to their individual needs. A blood bank breaks down every unit of blood into components like red blood cells, plasma, cryoprecipitate AHF, and platelets.
Tests conducted pre-transfusion
To ensure effective results and avoid all complications, the blood bank ensures a set of standard tests pre-transfusion. These tests include;
- ABO Typing
ABO typing is done to determine the blood type. It involves testing red blood cells for the presence of A and B antigens.
- Rh Typing
Rhesus typing also known as Rh typing is a test performed to assess the outer layer of your red blood cells for the presence of a specific protein, Rh factor. The presence or absence of this protein makes you Rh positive or Rh negative.
- Antibody screening
This test is conducted to screen for antibodies aimed against red blood cell antigens apart from the A and B antigens in an individual’s blood.
- Screening for infections
Every blood bank conducts tests to check for current or past infections. The infections can include;
- Hepatitis viruses B and C
- Human T-lymphotropic viruses (HTLV) I and II
- West Nile virus
- Chagas disease
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
When is blood transfusion needed?
Individuals may need a blood transfusion for different reasons. Some of them include;
- To replace lost blood after a serious injury or surgery
- Digestive tract bleeding
- Lack of healthy red blood cells
- Radiation therapy, chemotherapy or other cancer treatments
- Blood disorders