Yeast infections of the vagina are a common fungal infection found around the vagina or vulva due to multiple reasons. The infection is found in 3 out of 5 women. Hence, women should become aware of the infection and follow the precautionary measures to prevent the same. Below is a detailed description of Yeast infections’ causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options for Yeast Infections.
What are Yeast infections?
Yeast infections of the vagina are common fungal infections that make it irritable for a woman to carry out daily routine functions. The infection causes itching and rashes near the vagina or vulva. The infection happens due to an imbalance in the body’s yeast, leading to the growth of the fungus candida albicans.’ The fungus makes the vaginal area itchy and is responsible for various other symptoms of Yeast infections.
Causes of Yeast infections
Mentioned below are some of the causes of Yeast infections that can help one understand the reason for the condition:
- Overdose of Antibiotics– Overdose of antibiotics is one of the leading causes of Yeast infections. Antibiotics imbalance the yeast level of the body leading to the growth of the disease. Hence, it is always advised to consume antibiotics prescribed by a doctor only when required.
- Pregnancy– Pregnancy is one of the common causes of Yeast infections. The pH balance of the body changes due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. It also leads to changes in the yeast in the body, causing Yeast infections. It is one of the most common infections observed by the female during pregnancy. Timely medications and treatment options can help one to avoid the symptoms.
- High Diabetes– High blood sugar levels are a sign of high diabetes. It is the perfect situation for yeast to feed and multiply itself. Hence, high diabetes is one of the major causes of Yeast infections. Studies show that women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more prone to this fungal infection.
- Impaired Immune System– A poor immune system cannot protect the infected from imbalanced Yeast infections. Hence, it is one of the major causes of Yeast infections. In addition, the situation can result in itching, redness, swelling, and other similar issues.
- Oral Contraceptives– Oral contraceptives disturb the hormonal balance of a woman’s body. Hence, such contraceptives can also be one of the causes of Yeast infections. Improper balance of yeast leads to itching, white discharge, and many other gynaecological conditions.
Symptoms of Yeast infections
Mentioned below are the signs and symptoms of Yeast infections that help one to identify the disease and begin the treatment to heal the gynaecological disorder:
- Itching– Itching in the vagina and near the vaginal area is one of Yeast infections’ most significant and identifiable symptoms. Candida fungus causes an imbalance of yeast in the body that causes itching and burning of the vaginal area. Excessive itching can also lead to swelling and redness of the vaginal area.
- Vaginal Discharge– Vaginal discharge is also one of the symptoms of Yeast infections. Yeast imbalance in the body due to hormonal changes results in vaginal discharge. The release is odourless and can make the woman affected by the gynaecological disorder uncomfortable.
- Vaginal Pain– Overgrowth of yeast due to hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body can irritate genital skin. It can also cause chronic vaginal pain. Hence, vaginal pain is also one of the symptoms of Yeast infections. However, the symptom can be lowered with timely treatment and medications.
Risk Factors for Yeast Infections
Mentioned below are the health situations or risk factors for Yeast infections that make one more prone to Yeast infections:
- Overdose of Antibiotics
- High Oestrogen Levels
- Uncontrolled Diabetes
- Weak Immune System
Treatment Options for Yeast Infections
Mentioned below are the treatment options for Yeast infections to heal the gynaecological disorder in less time:
- Medications– Different types of valuable and effective medications for Yeast infections help lower gynaecological disorders’ symptoms. Depending upon the severity of the affected individual’s conditions, doctors might prescribe medications such as miconazole, terconazole, fluconazole, and other similar drugs. These medications help to lower Yeast infections by maintaining the hormonal balance. These antifungal medications taken for 3-7 days help clear yeast infections.
- Azole Resistant Therapy– The therapy involves the insertion of a boric acid capsule inside the vagina. The pill helps treat candida fungus, the leading cause of Yeast infections. The tablet should not be taken through the mouth as it can turn fatal for the individual.
Preventive Measures to Follow During Yeast Infections
Mentioned below are the preventive measures that are advised to be followed to lower the symptoms of Yeast infections and also to support the ongoing medical treatment for the gynaecological disorder:
- Keep the vaginal area clean and dry
- Avoid tight-fitted clothes and innerwear
- Avoid the use of scented cosmetic products near the vaginal area
- Avoid the use of tampons or sanitary napkins
When to Consult a Doctor
You can also get in touch with the expert Gynecology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
Yeast infection is a gynaecological disorder caused due to candida fungus. The fungus causes an imbalance of yeast in the body, leading to irritation and infection of the vaginal area, white discharge, itching, redness, and many similar symptoms.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What are Yeast infections?
A. Yeast infections are caused due to imbalance of yeast in the body. This imbalance occurs due to the growth of candida fungus in the body. The imbalance also leads to itching, redness, and swelling of the vaginal area.
Q. What are the symptoms of Yeast infections?
A. Itching, redness, and swelling of the vaginal area, along with vaginal discharge and pain in the vaginal area, are some common signs and symptoms of Yeast infections.
Q. What causes Yeast infections?
A. Pregnancy, hormonal imbalance , high diabetes, and a weak immune system are some common causes of Yeast infections.
Q. How are Yeast infections treated?
A. Medications for Yeast infections help lower the symptoms of the gynaecological disease. Different types of medical therapies are also helpful for treating Yeast infections.
Q. Can yeast infections be prevented?
A. Natural lifestyle changes such as keeping the vaginal area clean and dry, avoiding tight innerwear, avoiding wearing or wet innerwear for longer hours, and other similar changes can prevent mild symptoms of Yeast infections. In case of chronic Yeast infections, it is advised to consult a doctor for proper and timely medications.