Dialysis or Kidney Transplant – what is the best option for patients with end-stage kidney disease
A kidney transplant is one of the options for treatment of ‘end-stage kidney failure’, a condition where the kidneys are irreversibly damaged and function at only 10-15% of their normal capacity. Some form of renal replacement therapy (dialysis/kidney transplant) is needed at this stage to keep the patient alive.
Kidney transplant is the best modality of Renal Replacement therapy for most patients with end-stage kidney failure and should be the treatment of choice in candidates (especially young renal patients), who meet the requirements. Most patients with end-stage renal failure are candidates for a kidney transplant unless they are suffering from old age, severe heart or vascular disease, poorly controlled mental illness, chronic illness etc. which means that it is safer for them to be treated with dialysis rather than undergo a kidney transplant.
When planned carefully, a kidney transplant is a safe operation for both the recipient and the kidney donor. Kidney donors have a normal life after an operation. A kidney can be transplanted from a relative, an unrelated person (such as a spouse or friend), or from a person who has died (deceased or cadaver donor); only one kidney is required to survive. Research has shown that patients who receive a kidney from a living donor live longer than patients who receive a kidney from a deceased donor (someone who has just died).
Few facts about Kidney Transplant
Benefits of Kidney transplant