Antibiotics are medicines that kill or inhibit the growth of certain bacteria that cause infections in humans and animals. Antibiotics only work on specific bacteria and do not improve the symptoms of viral infection. Antibiotics save us from various life-threatening bacterial infections. But, they also cause side effects and develop antibiotic resistance, which becomes a concerning health threat. Therefore, use antibiotics when necessary or only prescribed by a physician. Antibiotics are not always the best option when you are sick. A person does not always need antibiotics, as some infections are due to viral, fungal, or other pathogens.
Misuse or overuse of antibiotics in humans and animals can cause antibiotic resistance, which affects their ability to prevent and treat a bacterial infection, lengthen the recovery time, and increase the death rate.
What is antibiotic resistance?
Many people do not show signs of improvement, even after the proper antibiotic treatment, due to antibiotic or antimicrobial resistance.
Misuse of antibiotics can cause antibiotic resistance. Bacteria become antibiotic-resistant when they develop the ability to survive antibiotic exposure that supposes to kill or stop them. The antibiotic-resistant bacteria grow and cause infection within the host even if the person is receiving antibiotic treatment.
How does antibiotic resistance develop?
Antibiotic resistance can give rise to a serious issue, leading to more difficult-to-treat conditions. Antibiotic resistance has become one of the prime causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The main reason for antibiotic resistance development is unnecessary antibiotic usage.
Understanding the antibiotic resistance mechanism can help prevent bacteria from developing resistance to new antibacterial treatments in the future.
When bacteria enter our body and cause infection, antibiotics help kill or stop the growth of these bacteria. But some of the infection-causing bacteria succeed in protecting themselves by a change in their structure and become resistant to these antibiotics, leading to antibiotic resistance development. Antibiotics are becoming less effective as more and more bacteria become resistant to them. Bacteria thwart antibiotic efforts in numerous ways, such as:
What are the causes of antibiotic resistance?
After introducing antibiotics into our system to treat a bacterial infection, some bacteria survive and become resistant, which might happen in various ways, such as:
How to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance?
Global public health is at risk from antibiotic resistance due to its severity, and everyone has a role in preventing its development. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), everyone plays a crucial part in the prevention of antibiotic resistance development:
Today, antibiotic resistance is one of the emerging health concerns in the world. People use antibiotic course even for minor infections that can resolve by themselves within a few days or rarely finish prescribed antibiotic course since their symptoms improve quickly, which cause antibiotic resistance development in particular bacteria. Therefore, ensure that you use antibiotics only under the guidance of your healthcare provider instruction.
After a person is diagnosed with cancer, he/she tends to re-evaluate their lifestyle, diet and…
Many wonder whether radiation can be delivered to the whole body. This question is often…
The modern oncological practices are cognizant of the late cardiac effects of treatment. The risk…