A migraine is a type of headache, characterised by severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation that persists usually in one side of the head. These headaches are often accompanied by nausea and vomiting, The symptoms of a migraine are worsened by bright lights, loud sounds or strong smells. Many patients with migraines also experience a temporary blind spot which partly obscures the vision.
Doctors used to believe that migraines were linked to the opening and narrowing of blood vessels in the head. Now they believe it is related to abnormal activity of some brain cells. The exact cause of migraine has not been identified yet, but hormonal imbalance and stress are some of the major known factors, which might be the reason why migraine is more common among females. Besides these, genetic predisposition to migraine is also a major factor, that’s why migraine runs in families for many generations.
Different patients have different sets of triggers that may precipitate a migraine attack, for example flickering lights, stress, certain processed or fermented food products, low blood sugar, alcohol, lack of sleep, certain medication, etc.
Treatment of migraine varies depending upon the frequency and duration of attacks, but it is majorly aimed at alleviating the initial symptom and preventing a full-blown attack by identifying and avoiding specific triggers. The alertness and prompt response by the patient play an important role in the management of such attacks. Always remember, the first step towards defeating migraine is understanding it.
IF YOU ARE SUFFERING FROM MIGRAINE, THESE TIPS MAY HELP YOU TO COPE WITH IT:
This journal will not only help you to understand and prevent migraines but will also help your physician to choose effective medications and therapy for you.
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