Diabetes mellitus or “madhumeham”: a disease related to “Sweetness”.
The principal hormone, Insulin produced by the beta cells of the pancreas helps the body to utilize glucose. When Diabetes occurs; there is excessive glucose in blood and urine due to inadequate production of insulin or insulin resistance. Following a proper diet, physical activity and taking the prescribed drugs as per the doctor’s instruction will help them manage it better.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
Types of Diabetes:
Diabetes can be managed through:
Diet in Diabetes:
A diabetic diet should be balanced with carbohydrates/proteins /fat/vitamins/ minerals and fibre containing foods. It is like a normal diet with a few modifications that need to be made as per age, gender, weight, and physical activity, the kind of medications or insulin you take. According to the National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), the total daily intake of calories in the diet for a diabetic should be distributed as:
For a person who has diabetes, they need to restrict and alter the kind of carbohydrates added to the diet. Cereals, Pulses and Whole grams contain complex carbohydrates and can be included in the diet. But refined carbohydrates containing foods like Maida /sugars/sweets etc. can cause a rapid rise in blood sugar and are not recommended. The total amount of carbohydrates added to the diet need to be distributed in accordance with the needs throughout the day for breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner.
The food sources are Pulses/Whole grams, milk and milk products, egg, lean fish, lean meat, nuts, oil seeds etc. The sources from plants also add fibre to the diet and animal sources provide us with high biological value protein. But red meat needs to be avoided as it contains excess fat. The inclusion of proteins in the diet will help in improving metabolism.
When it exceeds the recommended amount, leads to Obesity and being Overweight. Have omega-3 fatty acids containing foods that help to improve good cholesterol and have anti-inflammatory property too. Fish, Walnuts, Flaxseeds, Chia seeds, Fenugreek seeds etc are the sources.
Vitamins and Minerals:
Found in green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, dairy products, fish, nuts, etc
helps to maintain immunity and stay away from infection.
Fibre present in vegetables, fruits, legumes and fenugreek seeds is soluble in nature and is relatively more effective in controlling blood glucose and serum lipids compared to the insoluble fibre present in cereals and millets. According to the National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), an intake of 25g of dietary fibre per 1000 calories is considered to be optimum for a diabetic.
Fenugreek seeds are a rich source of fibre. According to the National Institute of Nutrition, the addition of fenugreek seeds to your diet helps to reduce blood glucose levels and lowers the levels of serum lipids such as cholesterol and triglycerides.
It may lower the blood glucose below certain critical normal limits and result in hypoglycemia. The extra calories present in it may increase the weight of a diabetic. It is better for a diabetic to avoid alcohol as it can put him at risk especially when the blood sugars are high.
Healthy Foods recommended:
*Point to be noted: Don’t follow glycemic index references online as all foods with low GI need not necessarily be healthy. Eg: Whole wheat puri has a lower GI than whole wheat phulka. Meet the expert and get a customized meal plan.
“Live the healthy life . Walk away from risks by following the proper diet”.
Critical care or intensive care is the medical supervision for people with severe life-threatening conditions…
कैंसर में शरीर की कोशिकाएं नियंत्रण से बाहर हो जाती है। जब यह फेफड़ों में…
Just as the fear over COVID-19 began to decline, a new virus discovered an opportunity…