The heart is one of the most essential organs for our survival. It works as an engine of our body. The heart pumps blood through a ninety-seven-thousand-kilometre-long network of blood vessels. It beats more than 100,000 times a day clogging more than three billion heartbeats over an average lifetime. It supplies oxygen-rich blood to all the tissues and clears away harmful waste.
Thus, it becomes imperative for us to keep our hearts in good shape. The two most impactful ways to do this are
Heart disease includes several conditions that can affect your heart. Some of them are
Symptoms of heart disease
The symptoms of heart disease depend on the type and severity of the disease you have. Let us try to discover some of the symptoms of heart conditions:
Symptoms of disease in heart’s blood vessels:
Atherosclerosis or the build-up of fatty plaques in the arteries can damage the heart and blood vessels. Atherosclerosis causes narrowing of blood vessels that can lead to chest pain or heart attack or stroke.
Coronary artery disease (or disease involving blood vessels of the heart) may exhibit different symptoms for men and women. Men with coronary artery diseases are more likely to develop chest pain as the major symptom. On the other hand, women having coronary artery diseases are more likely to have other symptoms such as nausea, breathlessness, and extreme fatigue, along with discomfort in the chest.
Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease can include:
Symptoms of heart disease involving abnormal heartbeats or arrhythmias
Arrhythmia may make your heartbeat too quick or too slow or irregular. Signs and symptoms of an arrhythmia may include:
Symptoms of heart disease involving congenital heart defects
Generally, the doctor can notice the severe forms of congenital heart defects soon after birth.
Mild forms of congenital heart defects may escape diagnosis until late childhood or early adulthood.
Signs and symptoms of milder forms of congenital heart defects that are not life-threatening include:
Symptoms of disease involving heart muscles (cardiomyopathy)
Cardiomyopathy may have mild to no signs and symptoms in the early stage. But as the disease progresses, symptoms become more severe.
Some of the symptoms of cardiomyopathy are:
Signs and symptoms of heart infection or endocarditis
Endocarditis (infection of the endocardium) affects the inner lining of the heart chambers and valves.
Heart infection signs and symptoms can include:
Signs and Symptoms of heart valve diseases (valvular heart disease)
The four heart valves — the aortic, mitral, pulmonary, and tricuspid valves direct blood flow through the heart. Some of the common conditions involving heart valves are
Some of the common signs and symptoms of valvular heart diseases are:
Always remember early detection leads to a better prognosis. Always talk to a cardiologist if you have any concerns regarding your heart. If you have a family history of heart disease, starting heart-healthy habits right now.
If you feel that you may have heart disease based on the symptoms, make an appointment with the cardiologist immediately.