Categories: Dermatology

Skin Diseases: Common Conditions and Symptoms

Dermatologists around the world believe that a person’s skin mirrors his or her internal health. This is because the accessibility and visibility of your skin make it the first organ that can alert you to the detectable signs of any underlying disease.

What Are Skin Diseases/Problems?

The human skin is the largest organ of our body. Any disease or condition that affects the skin is called a skin disease. However, keep in mind that skin diseases and treatments can vary greatly in symptoms and severity depending upon their causes. Some skin diseases are found to have situational causes, while some others may be hereditary.

Causes of Skin Disorders

Some of the most common causes of skin problems include:

  • Bacteria stuck in hair follicles and skin pores
  • Parasites, fungus, or other microorganisms surviving on the skin
  • Various viruses
  • A compromised immune system
  • Contact with irritants, allergens, or with someone’s infected skin
  • Hereditary factors
  • Illnesses that affect the immune system, kidneys, thyroid, and other body systems

Apart from these, various other health conditions and lifestyle issues can also lead to skin disorders development. Some skin conditions are also found to develop without any known cause.

Types of Skin Diseases

Here is a list of skin diseases or medical conditions that are commonly seen among humans.

Acne is one of the most commonly seen skin conditions affecting people all over the world. It can appear on the face, chest, neck, shoulders, and upper back. Acne breakouts typically occur when skin pores at these parts of the body become clogged and swollen by excessive dead skin and oil buildup. It often starts at puberty, and in some people, it can proceed well into middle age.

  • Cold Sores

The most common cause of cold sores is the highly contagious herpes simplex virus or HSV. These appear as a group of blisters on the mouth or lips, are often not a serious condition. In most cases, cold sores will clear on their own within two weeks.

  • Hives

Hive is an allergic reaction that appears as itchy welts on the skin, which can significantly vary in size. In most cases, a hive typically disappears within one day. However, sometimes a flare can last up to six weeks. Antihistamines are found to be helpful in easing the itchiness associated with hives.

  • Rosacea

This disease often manifests itself as a tendency to blush more quickly than others. The main symptoms of rosacea are redness, sensitivity, and skin dryness. Sometimes, the raised, red bumps can extend beyond the cheek and nose area to the chin, forehead, ears, back, and chest.

  • Eczema

Eczema is a common disease that mostly affects children. The main symptom of this disease is dry, scaly spots on the skin. Such patches can appear on the forehead, scalp, hands, face, and cheeks. Eczema can be a chronic skin condition and is often treated with antihistamines and skin creams, which help relieve itchiness.

  • Psoriasis

Psoriasis is also one of the most commonly seen skin conditions in people all over the world. The most common variety of this disease is called plaque psoriasis. It is a condition in which new skin cells are generated within a short span, causing them to get piled on the skin surface, creating scaly patches. Plaques often appear on the elbows, lower back, knee, and scalp.

  • Keratosis Pilaris

Keratosis pilaris manifests itself as tiny bumps on the skin, similar to small pimples. These bumps are harmless lumps of dead skin cells, often found on the thighs and arms. Treating dry skin helps to reduce the bumps and eases the itchiness they cause.

  • Melanoma

Melanoma is a severe form of skin cancer that often looks like a benign mole on the skin. However, it tends to multiply fast and can become deadly if not diagnosed at its early stages. However, melanoma is highly treatable if detected in early screenings by your dermatologist.

  • Lupus

This is an autoimmune disease that strikes various parts of the body, such as the skin, lungs, and kidneys. Lupus often looks like a thick, scaly spot on the face, an extensive rash on the back, a sore in the nose or mouth, or a flare-up similar to a sunburn. It is often triggered by ultraviolet light, sunlight, and stress.

Treating Skin Disorders

If you are confused about how to cure skin diseases, be aware that many skin disorders are treatable. Here are some standard treatment methods recommended by dermatologists.

  • Antibiotics
  • Antihistamines
  • Ointments and medicated creams
  • Steroid or vitamin injections
  • Laser therapy
  • Prescription medications

Remember that some skin disorders do not respond to treatments, while some go away without any treatment. In case you are worried about how to cure skin diseases, be aware that with proper treatment, you may be able to force the condition into remission. However, they might reappear when faced with specific triggers, such as illness and stress.

On the other hand, if you have temporary skin disorders, you can try the following

  • Skincare products available over-the-counter
  • Good hygiene practices
  • Medicated makeup
  • Specific lifestyle changes, such as a change in your diet

Preventing Skin Disorders

As mentioned earlier, some skin disorders aren’t preventable, especially those which are hereditary. However, you can prevent other types of infectious skin disorders by following these tips.

  • Wash your hands with warm water and soap frequently.
  • Avoid sharing drinking glasses and eating utensils with other people.
  • Avoid having direct contact with people who have a skin infection.
  • Clean everything you use in public spaces, like the gym, before using them.
  • Never share personal items, like hairbrushes, blankets, or swimsuits.
  • Sleep at least seven hours daily.
  • Drink a lot of water.
  • Avoid excessive emotional or physical stress.
  • Eat a balanced and nutritious diet.

You can prevent skin disorders, such as atopic dermatitis and acne, which are not infectious by following these tips.

  • Wash your face with water and a gentle cleanser every day.
  • Use skin moisturizer.
  • Avoid all types of allergens as much as you can.
  • Avoid contact with strong chemicals and other skin irritants.
  • Protect your skin from excessive wind, heat, and cold.

Remember that learning about common skin diseases and treatments can help keep your skin healthy and glowing. This will help you understand your skin disease better and seek a dermatologist’s help and talk to him about the treatment methods if necessary.

Dr. Farzana Mehboobunnisa | Consultant – Dermatology and Cosmetology | Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, HSR Layout, Bangalore

Narayana Health

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