Cancer screening involves conducting tests and evaluations on asymptomatic individuals to detect cancer or precancerous conditions in their initial stages. Different cancer screening tests are available, depending on the type of cancer being screened for.
Benefits of Cancer Screening
Some of the main advantages of cancer screening are:
- Increased chances of successful treatment.
- Early detection of cancer.
- Less aggressive treatments for early-stage cancer.
- Improved quality of life for cancer survivors.
- Identification of precancerous conditions for preventive measures.
- Better management of cancer risk factors.
- Potential to prevent cancer development through early intervention.
Different Preventive Tests for Men
- Hemogram(CBC+ESR). Hemogram (CBC+ESR) is a blood test that provides information about the types and number of blood cells in the body, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
- Stool Routine Examination. This test helps to identify any abnormalities, such as blood, mucus, parasites, or signs of inflammation, which could indicate the presence of cancer.
- Urine Routine Examination. This process involves urine analysis for various components, such as cells, protein, glucose, and other substances. This test helps detect abnormalities in the urinary system and indicate the presence of certain cancer such as bladder or kidney cancer.
- USG Whole Abdomen. During this procedure, high-frequency sound waves are transmitted into the abdomen, and the echoes that bounce back create detailed images of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, spleen, and other organs.
- X-ray Chest PA View. It is a radiographic examination of the chest widely used to detect lung cancer. The PA (Posteroanterior) view is the most common chest X-ray technique, where the X-ray beam passes through the patient’s back to the front of the chest.
- CA 19.9 (Pancreatic Cancer). CA 19.9 is a blood test, particularly for pancreatic cancer. It measures the CA 19.9 antigen levels, a tumour marker associated with pancreatic and other gastrointestinal cancers.
- Total PSA (Prostate Cancer). PSA is a process in which a blood test is particularly for prostate cancer. PSA is a protein which is produced by the prostate gland, and elevated levels in the blood may indicate the presence of prostate cancer or other prostate-related conditions.
- CEA (Colorectal Cancer). It is a blood test used in cancer detection, particularly for colorectal cancer. CEA is a protein that may be produced by specific cancer cells, including those found in the colon and rectum.
When to Consult a Doctor
You can also get in touch with the expert doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
Different types of preventive tests are available for the early detection of cancer in men. These cancer prescreening tests for men can help understand, diagnose and treat the disease more efficiently.
Q. Why is a Urine Routine Examination important as a preventive test for cancer detection in men?
A. A urine Routine Examination is a simple test that examines a man’s urine sample for any abnormal signs, such as blood or other irregularities. It helps detect kidney or bladder cancer and other urinary tract disorders early.
Q. What is a Stool Routine Examination, and how does it help in cancer detection for men?
A. A Stool Routine Examination is a diagnostic test that analyses a man’s stool sample to detect any abnormal signs or presence of blood, which could indicate gastrointestinal issues, including colorectal cancer.
Q. How does the USG Whole Abdomen test contribute to early cancer detection in men?
A. USG (Ultrasonography) Whole Abdomen is an imaging test that visualises and evaluates the abdominal organs. This non-invasive test is beneficial in the early detection of liver, pancreatic, and kidney cancers, among others.
Q. What is the significance of X-ray Chest PA View in cancer screening for men?
A. X-ray Chest PA View is a radiographic examination of the chest, primarily used to detect lung cancer. It provides detailed images of the chest structures, including the lungs.
Q. How do specific tumour markers like CA 19.9, Total PSA, and CEA aid in the early detection of pancreatic, prostate, and colorectal cancers in men?
A. specific tumour markers like CA 19.9 are proteins found in the blood that can indicate the presence of certain cancers. CA 19.9 is associated with pancreatic cancer, Total PSA is linked to prostate cancer, and CEA is related to colorectal cancer.