Human health is mostly influenced by three main factors:
And that makes every individual exclusive in acquiring, presenting the disease, and responding to the treatment. Until now, standardized treatment options were being followed for most diseases without any individual variation. Technological advancement in healthcare has made possible customization of healthcare. Today, we will look into the customization of healthcare as used for cancer management.
Personalized Medicine is the use of specific medicines or drugs as per patient’s molecular analysis to manage a health condition. Genomics defines the molecular foundation of any disease in a particular individual. Some synonymously used terms are Precision, Predictive, Preventive, Participatory, and Personalized.
Benefits of Genome Sequencing:
Precision medicine offers disease treatment and preventive measures based on a person’s environment, lifestyle, and genetic makeup.
This therapy is based on the fact that ‘each patient is different so is their cancer’. A small sample of their tumor tissue is taken and grown for similar bigger growth for testing. The chemo drugs are then tested over the tissue for the best results. The same drug is then administered to the individual. The best part about the therapy is:
Current Cancer Management methods used based on:
Various modalities used for cancer treatment include:
Precision medicine adds the specifics to each like targeted therapy with which specific drugs will work finest and so on.
Drugs are being tested for precision medicines are still in the trial phase. Such clinical trials are accepting patients with a genetic mutation over which a drug treatment can be tested.
The scope of Precision Medicine:
Limitations of Precision Medicine:
As the cancer is growing and changing forms, so is medical technology. We now have measures to differentiate between slow-growing localized tumors from fast-growing metastasizing ones. The tumor sampling can now be done from a swab of your saliva. A new paradigm has been added to all aspects of cancer management, the diagnostic procedures based on PET that can show in a single image all the cancerous cells illuminated within the entire body to use of a pen-shaped device being used to differentiate between cancerous or normal tissue just by placing it over. Of course, it might take a little while before personalized medicine actually reaches you. But the fact of this matter is that cancer is treatable, exclusively treatable and if personalized medicine taking a while to reach you, you can reach it instead…
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