Pediatric Epilepsy vs. Adult Epilepsy: Key Differences and Considerations


Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the affected individual experiences epileptic seizures because of electrical abnormalities in the brain. It happens due to various reasons- gene mutations, brain malformations, scars in the brain ie brain damage etc. Epileptic seizures can occur at  any age.

The issue can be identified by health symptoms such as high fever, jerking or twitching of arms and legs, uncontrollable anger, depression, staring continuously at a point, or confusion.

Pediatric epilepsy and adult epilepsy share the fundamental characteristics of recurrent seizures, but they differ in several ways. Pediatric epilepsy often presents unique seizure types and causes related to childhood development. In contrast, adult epilepsy is more likely associated with acquired conditions such as head injuries, strokes, or brain tumours. Treatment approaches may also vary to accommodate age-specific needs and developmental stages.

What is adult epilepsy?

Epilepsy in adults can be observed due to neurological disorders, head trauma or injury, other underlying medical disorders, or similar issues. Though there is no cure for epilepsy, seizure management is possible with the help of anti-seizure medications and surgeries.

Adults may be able to manage the disorder well compared to children. Adults can also live social lives with ease rather than children. Mostly, the epilepsy in adults leads to mild issues such as staring at a point, confusion, brain fog, or pain in the muscles of the hands and legs. Such symptoms are manageable and can be handled well by an adult.

What is pediatric epilepsy?

Epilepsy seizure attacks experienced by a child are known as pediatric epilepsy. Epilepsy in children is more harmful than adults, as a growing child with mental issues may also suffer in adulthood. Seizures in children can occur due to high fever, underlying mental issues, a family history of the disease, or a parent suffering from the issue previously.

The affected child may feel confusion, brain fog, twitching of arms and legs, or other similar issues. Seizure attacks in children lower in a few minutes, but if the episode lasts longer than 15 to 20 minutes, it is advisable to consult a doctor to heal the child and get the right and required treatment.

Pediatric Epilepsy vs Child Epilepsy- The more harmful one!

Adult Epilepsy


  • Head Injury
  • Trauma
  • Depression
  • Seizures
  • Underlying Neurological Disorders


  • Twitching and jerking of arms and legs
  • Staring at point
  • Going blank in between activity and resuming it normally
  • Confusion
  • Brain fog

Child Epilepsy


    • High fever
    • Genetic disorders
    • Underlying neurological disorder
    • Issues during birth
    • Lack of oxygen during birth
    • Head injury
    • Family history of the disease


    • Loss of control over bladder
    • Vomiting
    • Difficulty in breathing
    • High fever
    • Childhood seizures disorders

The symptoms and causes of Pediatric Epilepsy vs. Adult Epilepsy clearly state that pediatric epilepsy harms an affected child. The child may develop specific mental issues in childhood that may last till adulthood if the issue is not treated at the right time with suitable treatment options.

The affected child may have different mental issues if the lasting seizure attacks are not treated at the right time. The child may form mental issues such as bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety or fear, and other similar problems.

Consideration for Adult Epilepsy

Adult epilepsy can be treated with the help of proper medications, a supportive environment, natural therapies, or even required surgery. All these treatment methods can help deal with seizures and allow one to balance one’s personal and social life.

Mentioned below are a few considerations for adults’ epilepsy that help to manage the condition well:

    • People around the patient should stay calm and behave generally with the patient.
    • In case of seizure attacks, it is advised to stay away from the patient and ensure the patient doesn’t get hurt by things around them or start hurting himself.
    • Make the house hurt-proof by avoiding things or seating much elevated from the floor, keep the floor fall-proof, and cover the sharp edges to avoid injury to the patient.

Consideration for Pediatric Epilepsy

Paediatric epilepsy can be a sensitive matter. The issue can be dangerous for the affected child as the child may get confused about the ongoing symptoms. In such cases, it is advised for the parent of the affected child to stay calm and handle the child with sensitivity and care.

Mentioned below are a few considerations that should be followed in case of pediatric epilepsy:

  • In case of a seizure attack experienced by a child, the child’s parents should stay calm and handle the child.
  • The child should be held forcefully and given space to express the ongoing emotions.
  • The child’s mouth should not be stuffed with anything to calm the child.
  • In case the seizure attack lasts for more than minutes, then it is advised to take the child to the doctor immediately.

When to Consult a Doctor

Timely medical intervention can help cure many of these ailments or help in managing them. You can also get in touch with the expert Neurology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support to treat brain conditions, neurological disorders or any other health concern.


Pediatric Epilepsy vs. Adult Epilepsy is a topic that helps to define the seriousness of paediatric epilepsy and the need to take care of it before the illness damages the adulthood of a child. The seizure disorder can be healed with the help of different treatment methods.


Q. What is adult epilepsy?
The seizure attack observed in adults due to different medical disorders is known as adult epilepsy.

Q. What is pediatric epilepsy?
Seizure attacks observed in a child are known as pediatric epilepsy.

Q. What are the causes of adult epilepsy?
Causes of adult epilepsy can include head injuries, strokes, brain tumours, infections, genetic factors, and acquired brain conditions such as Alzheimer’s or vascular disorders, leading to abnormal brain activity and seizures.

Q. What are the causes of paediatric epilepsy?
Causes of pediatric epilepsy often include genetic factors, developmental disorders, brain malformations, metabolic disorders, infections, and perinatal injuries, leading to abnormal brain function and recurrent seizures in children.

Reference Links

Narayana Health

Recent Posts

Brown Phlegm – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Options

Overview Are you suffering from brown phlegm? If so, you're not alone! Brown phlegm can…

7 days ago

Metallic Taste in Mouth – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Overview Have you ever experienced that strange sensation of metal on your taste buds, even…

7 days ago

Chlamydia in Throat: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Overview Chlamydia in the throat, also referred to as oral chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted…

7 days ago

Iodine Deficiency – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Overview Your thyroid gland becomes deficient when it does not receive the necessary quantity of…

7 days ago

Post Covid Complications: An Overview

Overview The majority of COVID-19 patients recover in a matter of weeks. However, some patients…

7 days ago

Are Heart Patients at higher risk of COVID 19? Importance of heart screning

Overview People who have pre-existing heart conditions are more likely to have bad outcomes if…

7 days ago

Book an Appointment - Call Now 📞 080 6861 7735