Categories: Gynaecology

Ovarian Cysts

A fluid-filled sac or pocket in an ovary or on its surface is called ovarian cysts. Ladies have two ovaries — each about the size and state of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which grow and mature in the ovaries, are delivered in the month to month cycles during the childbearing years.

Many women do get ovarian cysts eventually. Most cysts present almost no inconvenience and are harmless. A larger number of cysts vanish without treatment inside a couple of months.

But, ovarian cysts — particularly those that have ruptured — can cause genuine symptoms. To secure your health, get standard pelvic tests and know the symptoms that can flag a potentially major problem.

Symptoms of cysts

Most cysts doesn’t show any symptoms. But, an enormous ovarian cyst can cause:

  • Pelvic pain — a dull or sharp sting in the lower abdomen near the cyst
  • Heaviness in your abdominal
  • Swelling

When to see a specialist?

You should look for medical consideration if you have:

Unexpected, serious stomach or pelvic pain

Vomiting or fever with pain abdomen / pelvic pain

In the event that you have these signs and symptoms or those of shock — cold, sticky skin; rapid breathing; and lightheadedness or weakness — see a specialist immediately.

Causes of Cysts

The most widely recognized causes for ovarian cysts include:

  • Hormonal issues. Functional cysts normally disappear by themselves without treatment. They might be brought about by hormonal issues or by drugs used to enable you to ovulate.
  • Ladies with endometriosis can build up a type of ovarian cyst called an endometrioma. The endometriosis tissue may connect to the ovary and structure growth. These cysts can be excruciating during sex and during your period.
  • An ovarian cyst usually grows in early pregnancy to help uphold the pregnancy until the placenta structures. Although, sometimes the growth remains on the ovary until later in the pregnancy and may be taken out.
  • Severe pelvic/ vaginal. Infections can spread to the ovaries and fallopian tubes and cause cysts to shape.

Diagnosis of Cysts

Ovarian cyst can be identified by expert doctors during pelvis examination. To confirmed the findings ultrasound may be advisable. An ultrasound test (ultrasonography) is an imaging test that utilizes high-recurrence sound waves to produce a picture of your internal organs. Ultrasound tests help decide the size, location, shape, and pattern (solid or liquid-filled) of a cyst.

Since most of the simple cyst vanish following a few weeks or months, your doctor may not quickly suggest a treatment plan. Rather, they may redo the ultrasound test in a few weeks or months to check your condition.

In the event that there aren’t any changes in your condition or if the cyst grows in size, your doctor will recommend extra tests to decide different causes for your symptoms. These include:

  • Pregnancy test to ensure you’re not pregnant
  • Hormone level test to check for hormone-related issues like an abundance of estrogen or progesterone
  • A CA-125 blood test to screen for ovarian cancer.
  • CECT Abdomen / PET CT Scan

Treatment of Cysts

Your doctor may prescribe treatment to constrict or eliminate the cyst if it doesn’t disappear by itself or in the event that it grows larger.

Birth control pills

If you have repetitive ovarian cysts, your doctor may recommend oral contraceptives to stop ovulation and forestall the development of new cysts. Oral contraceptives can likewise lessen your danger of ovarian cancer. The danger of ovarian cancer is higher in postmenopausal women.


In the event that your cyst is small and results from an imaging test preclude cancer, your doctor can perform a laparoscopy to precisely eliminate the cyst. The method includes your doctor making a little entry point close to your navel and afterwards inserting a little instrument into your abdomen to remove the cyst.


If you have an enormous cyst, your doctor can precisely removed it through a large incision in your abdomen. They’ll perform a quick biopsy (Frozen Section), and if they find the cyst is carcinogenic, then they may perform surgery to remove your ovaries and uterus.

Ovarian cysts can’t be forestalled. Yet, routine gynecologic tests can identify ovarian cysts early. Benign ovarian cysts don’t have the potential to become cancerous. Nonetheless, symptoms of ovarian cancer can replicate the symptoms of an ovarian cyst. So, it’s imperative to visit your doctor and get the right diagnosis. Alert your doctor if you find the symptoms like changes in your menstrual cycle, advancing pelvic pain, loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss and bloated stomach.

Dr. Rohit Ranade | Consultant – Gynaecology – Oncology, Oncology, Robotic Surgery | Mazumdar Shaw Medical Center, Bommasandra, Bangalore

Narayana Health

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