Heart Diseases are extremely common in India. It is also the principal cause of deaths those of which are doubled between 1985 and 2015. The number of deaths due to coronary heart disease rose to over 2.03 million in 2010. Moving a step towards our topic, cardiovascular disease affects women little less than men, but as women hit menopause the cardiovascular disease solidifies their base. Age anyway is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease but the question here is why Women then?
Differences in male and female prevalence of cardiovascular disease:
According to many many studies, men usually develop CVD at a younger age and have a higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) than women.
Why the difference?
Women are gifted with this most amazing hormone called Estrogen.
What is Menopause?
It is defined as a phase in a women’s life where she does not menstruate anymore. Mostly conclude when a woman goes 12 months without having her period. The age varies from 40 to 60 in different females.
The relationship between menopause and cardiovascular disease:
According to various studies a woman reaching menopause before 50, found out to have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Women who experience premature menopause that is before 40 years are at double risk of developing a non-fatal cardiovascular event before they are 60 than the other females.
Other Risk Factors:
Female Physiology around Menopause:
We are already aware that a female body secretes less estrogen post-menopause. Along with its circulating levels of estradiol and estrone goes down. These two estrogen byproducts happen to catalyze the metabolism of fat via the liver. Once their level diminishes, females experience adverse variations in body fat composition and vascular remodeling that increases their risk of CVD. Lower estrogen levels also embolden high levels of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone. The entire process stimulates a higher level of Bad fat (total cholesterol, LDL levels) and lowers the good one (HDL).
Menopause immensely affects your body mass index along with increasing your waist circumference.
Menopause is unstoppable, what to do?
It’s ok if you cannot stop menopause, but there is a lot you can do.
Include phytoestrogen like:
They help in minimizing the symptoms and problems due to menopause.
If these are not possible a brisk walk never harms anyone.
I come across a lot of female heart patients. Most of them are confused and clueless about their heart health. As much we will talk and know about it, the closer we are too healthy menopause. Stay aware of the changes your body and heart are undergoing. Remember; never be embarrassed to ask for help.
Dr. Hemant Madan (Prof) | Director & Senior Consultant – Cardiology – Adult, Cardiology – Paediatric | Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Delhi and Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Gurugram
A diagnosis of hip dysplasia is a harrowing time for parents, hip dysplasia occurs when…
India’s COVID 19 recovery rates are amongst the highest in the world due to the…
कोरोना से ठीक होने के बाद भी सामने आ रहे तंत्रिका तंत्र संबंधित बीमारियों के…
सिर्फ कोविड नेगेटिव नहीं, कोविड से पूर्ण रिकवरी हैं महत्वपूर्ण! हमारे फ्रंटलाइन कोरोना वॉरियर्स और…