Renal or kidney failure occurs when the kidneys lose their ability to filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood effectively. This can lead to a buildup of toxins and fluid imbalance in the body, causing symptoms such as fatigue, swelling, changes in urine output, and electrolyte imbalances. Renal failure can be acute or chronic and may result from various factors, including underlying health conditions, medications, and certain diseases. Treatment involves addressing the underlying cause and managing complications through dialysis or kidney transplantation.
Kidneys are known as filters for living beings. They help to eliminate toxins along with unwanted liquids from the body. Improper kidney functioning leads to liquid build turning fatal if not treated promptly. People with medical conditions such as high diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and many medical conditions are more prone to kidney diseases.
Causes of Renal Failure
Mentioned below are some of the causes of kidney failure that damage the functioning of the kidney:
- Diabetes– High blood sugar is one of the significant causes of kidney disease. Elevated blood sugar levels damage the functioning of the kidneys and lead to improper filtration of waste and liquids in the body. If the condition is not treated on time, it may also damage the functioning of other body organs.
- High Blood Pressure– Uncontrolled blood pressure is another major cause of kidney disease. The medical condition leads to excess blood flow through the heart muscles, damaging blood vessels and hampering kidney tissue function. People with high blood pressure issues are more prone to getting affected by kidney disease.
- Glomerular Diseases– A medical condition in which the affected individual’s kidney fibres, or glomeruli, are damaged is known as glomerular disease. The liquids passing through the kidneys are not filtered properly. In such conditions, proteins and red blood cells may also be found in the blood.
- Autoimmune Kidney Diseases– A form of kidney disorder leading to acute kidney disease. The body’s immune system attacks the kidneys, leading to improper organ functioning. If not treated on time, the condition may worsen and lead to fatal situations.
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)– Sudden loss of kidney function due to severe infections, dehydration, or reduced blood flow to the kidneys.
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)– Gradual and irreversible kidney damage over time, often due to diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain autoimmune disorders.
Symptoms of Renal Failure
- Fatigue– One of the initial symptoms of kidney failure is fatigue. Circulation of toxins and unfiltered waste in the body due to improper functioning of kidneys leads to such situations. The affected individual may face similar health issues, such as tiredness, weakness, and low concentration.
- Vomiting– Individuals affected by improper functioning of kidneys may also face excessive vomiting. It happens due to the accumulation of unfiltered fluid in the body leading to electrolyte issues. The patient may feel the repetitive urge to vomit, nausea, and weakness.
- Repetitive Urge to Urinate– Kidney disorders can also be characterised by a repetitive urge to urinate. When the symptom is highly observed at night, then one needs to get the condition checked immediately by a doctor. Damaged glomeruli lead to improper filtration of liquids and waste in the body leading to frequent urges for urination.
- Low Appetite– Improper filtration and accumulation of waste liquid in the kidneys make the patient feel the maximum times of the day. The affected patient cannot have a proper nutritious meal and often feel weak and tired.
Lifestyle Changes for Healthy Kidney
- Controlled Blood Sugar Levels– People suffering from kidney issues are advised to maintain an average blood sugar level. It helps the kidneys to function normally and is also helpful for the healthy functioning of other organs.
- Maintain an Ideal Blood Pressure– Maintaining a healthy blood pressure helps in the proper and regular flow of blood in the body from heart muscles. The muscles are relaxed, and the kidneys can function correctly.
- Monitor Kidney Functions– Keeping an eye on the functioning of the filtration organ also helps lower the risk factors that can damage the organ. A continuous check at the eGFR(glomerular filtration rate) helps identify the proper functioning of the kidneys.
- Stay Hydrated– Drink adequate water to support kidney function and maintain proper hydration.
- Healthy Diet– Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and limited salt to reduce the risk of kidney problems.
- Manage Diabetes– Keep blood sugar levels under control if you have diabetes to prevent diabetic nephropathy.
- Limit Salt and Processed Foods– Reduce sodium intake to protect kidneys from excess strain and maintain fluid balance.
- Monitor Medications– Use medications, including over-the-counter ones, carefully and as prescribed to avoid kidney damage. Limit non-prescription pain relievers, as excessive use can damage kidneys over time.
- Limit Phosphorus and Potassium– If your doctor advises, control the intake of foods high in phosphorus and potassium.
When to consult a Doctor
You can also get in touch with the expert Nephrology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
Renal Failure can be a severe health issue if not treated correctly. The disease enhances different stages if the symptoms are ignored. Proper medications, treatment, and lifestyle modifications help lower the symptoms and allow one to heal as soon as possible.
What is Renal Failure?
It is a kidney disorder in which the kidneys cannot filter waste and liquids from the body leading to multiple other health issues.
Q. What are the lifestyle modifications that help to lower the symptoms of Renal Failure?
A. Maintaining normal blood pressure, controlling diabetes, and avoiding nicotine are healthy habits that help lower kidney disorders’ damaging symptoms.