Leukaemia is a form of cancer that impacts the blood and bone marrow, causing an abnormal increase in the production of immature white blood cells. This overproduction interferes with the normal production of healthy blood cells, leading to a weakened immune system, anaemia, and susceptibility to infections.
Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options of leukaemia can help people and their loved ones identify the disease early and seek appropriate treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the chances of a successful outcome, such as remission and long-term survival. If you want to know more about leukaemia, this article is what you seek.
Leukaemia is classified based on how fast it progresses and the type of blood cell affected. The two main categories of leukaemia based on the development speed are acute and chronic.
These are two distinct types of chronic leukaemia characterised by the cell lineage that gives rise to the malignant cells.
The second-way leukaemia is classified based on the type of blood cell involved.
Leukaemia is a type of cancer that occurs when blood cells undergo changes or mutations in their genetic material or DNA. The DNA of a cell contains instructions that manage its growth and lifespan. Generally, DNA instructs cells to develop at a selected rate and to die at a specific time. However, in leukaemia, genetic mutations cause the blood cells to keep developing and dividing uncontrollably.
As a result, the production of blood cells becomes unregulated and out of control. In addition, as time passes, the once-normal cells can crowd out the healthy blood cells in the bone marrow, which can decrease healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. The precise cause of mutations is not yet fully understood. However, they may be influenced by way of various factors, which include:
The symptoms of leukaemia can vary depending on the type and stage of the disease. However, some common signs include the following:
This condition is associated with various factors such as:
Multiple medications are used to treat leukaemia, contingent upon the type and stage of leukaemia. Some commonly used medications include:
Opting for medication will be determined by factors such as the type and stage of leukaemia, the patient’s overall health and medical history, and other factors.
You can also get in touch with the expert Oncology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
Q. What is leukaemia?
A. Leukaemia is a type of cancer that impacts the blood, causing the proliferation of abnormal blood cells. This unregulated growth occurs in the bone marrow, which generates most of the body’s blood.
Q. What are the symptoms of leukaemia?
A. The symptoms of leukaemia can vary depending on the type and stage of the disease. However, some common signs are:
Q. What causes leukaemia?
A. The precise cause of leukaemia needs to be comprehensively comprehended, but it is believed to be a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the known causes of leukaemia are:
Q. How is leukaemia treated?
A. There are several ways to treat leukaemia, such as chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Stem cell transplant, Targeted therapy, immunotherapy, etc.
Q. Can leukaemia be prevented?
A. Currently, there are no foolproof methods because the exact cause of it has yet to be discovered. Yet, there are a few measures that can reduce the risk, such as:
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