Laryngeal cancer, also known as larynx cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the larynx, the organ commonly referred to as the voice box. The larynx is located in the throat and plays a vital role in speech and breathing. Laryngeal cancer typically begins in the cells lining the inner surface of the larynx and can spread to nearby tissues and other body parts if left untreated.
Primarily caused by tobacco and alcohol use, risk factors include HPV infection, age, and occupational exposure. Early detection is pivotal, offering better treatment prospects for this condition. Regular checkups and lifestyle changes can significantly reduce the risk of laryngeal cancer and enhance the chances of successful treatment.
Commonly associated with smoking and heavy alcohol consumption, factors like HPV infection and occupational exposures can also influence it.
Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer
Here is the list of symptoms of laryngeal cancer:
Diagnosing laryngeal cancer typically involves several steps:
Treatment for laryngeal cancer depends on the stage of the disease and can involve one or a combination of the following approaches:
You can also get in touch with the expert oncology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
Q. What are the common symptoms of laryngeal cancer?
A. Common symptoms of laryngeal cancer include persistent hoarseness, a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, ear pain, coughing up blood, and breathing difficulties.
Q. What are the primary causes of laryngeal cancer?
A. The main causes of laryngeal cancer are smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. Other risk factors include HPV infection, age (usually over 50), and occupational exposure to certain chemicals.
Q. How is laryngeal cancer diagnosed?
A. Laryngeal cancer is diagnosed through medical history assessment, physical examination, imaging tests (such as CT scans), and a biopsy, where a tissue sample is taken for microscopic examination.
Q. Can laryngeal cancer be prevented?
A. While some risk factors like age and genetics can’t be changed, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, practising safe sex to reduce HPV risk, and maintaining a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables can lower the risk of developing laryngeal cancer.
Q. What are the treatment options for laryngeal cancer?
A. Treatment options depend on the cancer’s stage and may include surgery (partial or total laryngectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy. The choice of treatment is determined by medical professionals based on individual cases.
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