Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia repair is a procedure to repair the opening (hernial defect) in the abdominal wall. This repairing procedure is done by a small incision, laparoscopes (small telescopes inserted into the abdomen), and a mesh (patch of synthetic or biological material) to strengthen the abdominal wall. A hernia never resolves on itself. A ventral hernia can develop at the belly button (umbilicus) or other areas of the abdominal wall. They can be congenital (from birth) and Acquired. A hernia developing at the previous surgery site is also called as Incisional Hernia.
The abdominal wall of that area becomes weak due to the bulge. The inner lining of the abdomen pushes through the weak area of the abdominal wall and makes a balloon-like hernial sac. This can allow a loop of intestines or abdominal contents to push into the sac easily. If the abdominal contents get stuck within this sac, then it becomes incarcerated (trapped) or strangulated (blood supply hampered). This is a serious condition and requires emergency surgery.
A hernia is a bulge under the skin. Surprisingly it does not produce any discomfort when small, but you may feel pain on straining like lifting heavyweight, cough, strain during urination or bowel movement, and on prolonged standing. You should contact your doctor immediately if discomfort with sharp or mild ache gets worse at the end of the day, continuous or severe discomfort, redness, nausea, and vomiting.
Causes of Ventral Hernia:
Advantages of Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair:
There are a few symptoms of Ventral Hernia. Sometimes symptoms may take weeks or months to get visible and sometimes are not visible at all. Few of them are as follows:
Diagnosis of Ventral Hernia:
The hernia is completely a clinical diagnosis. In the majority of cases, no imaging is required. However, A doctor may suggest some imaging tests in certain special circumstances such as:
Treatment of Ventral Hernia:
There is NO MEDICATION for a hernia. It is a completely structural problem and ALWAYS requires surgery for treatment. Ventral hernia requires surgical corrections. If it is not treated, then it may enlarge and may turn in to a serious complication. Options of surgical treatments are:
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