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Kidney Disease – Symptoms, Myths and Facts

Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys lose their ability to function properly. It increases the risk of complications, including heart disease and premature death.

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a sudden episode of kidney failure and is usually reversible with proper diagnosis and treating of an underlying cause.

Chronic Kidney Disease is a gradual loss of kidney function over months. Treatment focuses on slowing the progression of kidney damage and prevent or delay the onset of end-stage kidney failure.

Possible Symptoms of Kidney Disease

  • Poor appetite, Nausea, Vomiting
  • Pale Skin (Anaemia)
  • Tiredness
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Frothy / Cloudy Urine
  • Puffy Eyelids
  • Swollen Ankles

Myths and Facts about Kidney Diseases

Myth: All types of Kidney diseases are incurable

Fact: Most Kidney diseases are reversible with timely treatment. The progression of others (CKD) can be slowed down with early detection and treatment.

Myth: I am all right, so I don’t think I have a kidney problem

Fact: Most cases of CKD show no symptoms in the early stages. Cases with high-risk factors are advised to get an annual check-up done. About one – a quarter of patients meet a doctor only when dialysis requiring stage is reached.

Myth: I pass a lot of urine, so my kidneys are fine.

Fact: In the early stages of kidney disease, the ability of kidneys to function reduces gradually. Hence a person passes more urine and may have to get up at night to avoid urinating.

Myth: Dialysis once started is required life-long.

Fact: Acute Kidney Failure is usually reversible (with proper treatment) and dialysis is required for a short period until kidney function recovers. Patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease require life long dialysis until the patient undergoes a transplant.

Myth: I feel fine so I don’t need to continue with treatment.

Fact: Many patients with CKD feel very well with proper therapy and so they may discontinue medications/treatment. Such discontinuation can be dangerous, as it can lead to a rapid worsening of kidney function leading to early requirement of dialysis/kidney transplantation .

Dialysis is a life-sustaining procedure – Quality Can make all the difference!

Dialysis patients have weakened immune systems which increases their risk of illness, infection and associated hospitalization. Adherence to good quality and safe dialysis practices, therefore, assumes great importance.

Pre-requisite of a Good Dialysis

  • Highest purity of dialysis water with right electrolyte balance
  • Good anti-infection measures
  • Regular Monitoring by a Nephrologist
  • Increased automation to remove chances of human error
  • Appropriate dosage of dialysis

Kidney Transplant – Preferred Choice for healthy kidneys

End Stage Kidney Disease or Chronic Kidney Failure is an extremely complicated situation. Undergoing a transplantation procedure can be one of the safest and reliable options for patients who meet the requirements.

Benefits of Kidney Transplant

  • Better Quality of Life
  • Restored Fertility
  • Improved Life Expectancy

Dr. Suman Lata Nayak
I Senior Consultant – Nephrology & Renal Transplant I Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Delhi

Narayana Health

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