Categories: Gastroenterology

Is Piles the only anorectal disease?

Anorectal Disease
The disease of the anal canal and rectum are anorectal diseases. As per the general perception, any problem related to the anorectal area is piles. That is not true. The anorectal disease could be piles, fissures, fistula, and sometimes anorectal
cancers too.

What is Piles? What are its symptoms and treatment?
Piles which are also known as hemorrhoids are swelling in the blood vessel (veins) of the anal canal which may represent itself with bleeding per rectum and prolapsed (swellings). Sometimes, it may get complicated and its complication includes thrombosis, infection, strangulations. Pain occurs only when piles get complicated.

In the early stage, it can be treated by conservative means, like, change in food habits, lifestyle changes, and simple medications. But in an advanced stage, it requires surgical treatment either by conventional surgical techniques or by
newer minimally invasive techniques.

What are Fissures and their symptoms and treatment?
Fissures are nothing but cracks in the anal canal membrane which is very painful specifically during defecation.

Treatment may include conservative methods by the change in food habits and by medications, but sometimes it may require surgeries.

What are Fistula and its symptoms and treatment?
Fistula is the abnormal connection between the anal canal/rectum and perianal skin. Most of the time, fistula requires surgical treatment.

Any person with these symptoms should consult a doctor immediately.

Dr. Rajesh Sinha | Senior Consultant – Gastroenterology – Surgical, General Surgery | MMI Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Raipur

Narayana Health

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