Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is a reason for the 15% cases of stroke with a low mortality rate. The most common reason for its cause is diverse pathology. It shows all the major hemogenic symptoms like trauma, haemorrhagic conversion of ischemic infarction, hypertension, vasculitis, and venous sinus thrombosis. People also face some of the common nerve symptoms like cerebral amyloid antipathy, cerebral aneurysms, and cerebral arteriovenous malformations.
Hypertensive Intracranial Haemorrhage AKA Brain Haemorrhage is a type of stroke, which is caused by the brain’s artery bursts and the blood spreads nearby areas, and bleeding starts from surrounding tissues. This bleeding permanently damages brain cells. The word “Hem” has been originated from the Greek language. Haemorrhage means “blood bursting forth”, intracranial haemorrhages, brain haemorrhages, cerebral haemorrhages, intracerebral haemorrhages all are same.
Sometimes brain tissues got swelled due to blood from irritation due to trauma. This condition is known as cerebral oedema. The blood collects and makes a mass called a hematoma. This condition increases the pressure on nearby tissues and reduces essential blood flow and permanently damage brain cells.
Causes of Hypertensive Intracranial Haemorrhage:
There are several risk factors and causes of ICH. The most common are:
The symptoms of Hypertensive Intracranial Haemorrhage:
A symptom of hypertensive intracranial haemorrhage may develop suddenly and it can vary. Symptoms depend on the location of the bleeding and the amount of tissue affected in the brain. Few of them are as follows:
Prevention from Hypertensive Intracranial Haemorrhage:
There are specific risks factors of Hypertensive Intracranial Haemorrhage that can minimize the risk are as follows:
According to the symptom of the patient, the doctor determines which part of the brain is affected. A variety of imaging test such as CT Scan/MRI makes a clear picture about haemorrhage. The scan reveals internal bleeding or blood accumulation. For checking swelling in the optical nerve, an eye exam or a neurological exam can be conducted. Treatment of haemorrhage depends upon the location, cause, and extent of bleeding. Surgery may be required for bleeding prevention and alleviate the swelling. Medications include painkillers, corticosteroids, or diuretics to reduce swelling, and anticonvulsants to control seizures.
Some patient of haemorrhage completely gets recovered, but it depends on the size of the haemorrhage and the amount of swelling. Possible complications are stroke, loss of brain function, death, etc.
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