High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It generates a high force of the blood pushing on the blood vessels’ walls. In this scenario, the heart has to pump harder and the arteries are under great strain as they have high pressured blood. Due to the unhealthy lifestyle, this problem is spreading in children too. Changes in the lifestyle and incorporating healthy low-fat food in the diet, regular physical activities reduce the risk of hypertension.
Mostly there are no specific causes of hypertension. This is called essential hypertension. Some cases are as follows:
No significant symptoms have been observed for hypertension. But there are few signs of hypertension in severe cases:
High Blood Pressure Management Guidelines:
There are few guidelines which should be followed by parents:
Types of Hypertension:
Hypertension has been broadly separated into two parts according to their risk factors:
Primary (Essential) Hypertension:
There is no identified reason for its occurrence. This type of hypertension usually found in the children having age >6. The risk factors are:
It is commonly found in young children.
If the treatment is not provided in the initial stage to the children, then it can be carried further in the future. If the childhood trouble of hypertension continues to adulthood, then the child will at the risk of:
If blood pressure is high due to some other medical conditions such as kidney disease and lung diseases. After following a regular treatment procedure related to these diseases, the issue of Hypertension will be solved. Doctors should recommend lifestyle changes that should be followed by the patient of hypertension like:
Eat a Healthy Diet:
Hypertension patients should try to do exercise daily. But if it is not possible, then try to exercise for 30-60 minutes, at least three times a week. But if the teen having severe hypertension, then he/she should not do weightlifting or power-lifting, bodybuilding, or strength training. It can be pursued once the blood pressure comes down and stable in the normal range, then the doctor certifies for such kind of activities.
Do Not Smoke:
People with hypertension should say a strict “NO” to smoking. And they should live in a smoke-free area.