Some children are born with defects in their heart which is frequently referred to as ‘hole in the heart’. These defects are, however, of many different types depending upon their location in the heart and the size of the defect. Unfortunately, there is a common perception that these defect close spontaneously as the child grows which is not the case usually. The disease of ‘hole in the heart’ can be classified into 2 categories
What is important is to realize that some of the defects in the acyanotic heart disease category can close spontaneously with age but some of them and all the cyanotic heart disease would need surgical intervention. It is of prime importance to consult a trained physician to understand as to which defects need surgical intervention.
The most important aspect of surgical closure of these cardiac defects is to decide the right time for surgery. These are internationally accepted guidelines to help in the decision making and a pediatric cardiologist or pediatric cardiac surgeon should be consulted. What is important for the parents is to understand that if these defects are left untreated there are very high chances of having irreversible damage to the heart or lungs or both. This would transform a potentially treatable disease into an untreatable condition and these children die prematurely. Therefore, for all kinds of ‘hole in the heart’ take a proper medical advice and follow it religiously.
A frantic mother brings an 18-month-old with complaints of her child getting up frequently in…