Each year, a huge population, especially at the age of 65 and above, sustains a fracture in the hip. Hip fractures are very painful and require prompt medical assistance. The faster we can treat the condition, the sooner the patient will get out of bed. Otherwise, there will be chances of blood clots, sores and pneumonia. In patients on the wrong side of age, long bed rest can result in immobility. After this, recovery and getting a normal life becomes very difficult.
What is a hip fracture?
A hip fracture is nothing but the breaking of the upper portion of the femur or the thigh bone. Elderly ones are the most likely to suffer as their bones are already weak due to osteoporosis.
The hip is nothing but a ball-and-socket joint. A hip fracture can injure any of the following four areas in the upper femur:
Around 90% of the fractures in the hip fall in the categories of intertrochanteric hip fracture or femoral neck fracture. The stress fracture also falls in the hip fracture types but is relatively harder to diagnose. A hairline crack in the femoral region may happen. It may not involve the entire bone.
Causes of Hip Fracture
Symptoms of Hip Fracture
To begin with, hip fractures are not short of pain. In fact, they are excruciatingly painful. There is pain in the groin and the upper area of the thighs. When you suffer a fracture in the hip, you will not be able to stand, move or bear weight. There will be a complete loss of mobility in the ankles, the toes, the knees and the legs. Hip fracture symptoms should be addressed as fast as you can.
Most of the fractures need surgical treatment within a day or two of incurring the injury. A hip fracture surgery works well, but it takes a long time to heal.
Surgical treatment is needed to relieve the person of acute pain. It also helps the patient to come out of bed. The sooner the surgery is done, the lesser are the risks of getting complications. Treatment for hip fracture is primarily dependent upon three things. The type, the location of the fracture and the age and condition of the person are what determines the step to be taken.
Following are the two main types of surgery:
After the surgery is done, the doctors advise starting moving as soon as possible. This is because there are chances of contracting bedsores, pneumonia and blood clots otherwise. When the surgery is done, you might not be immediately able to start cooking or getting dressed on your own. You might have to adopt rehabilitative procedures thereafter.
Rehabilitation is about occupational therapy and physical therapy. These teach you:
If there is a fracture, and you are looking for hip fracture treatment without surgery, there are specific non-invasive methods. If the bone fragments are still in their place, you can go for these methods:
Activity Modification – After a hip fracture, the doctor may suggest not putting any weight on the affected area for at least six weeks. This gives some time to the bone to heal. You will have a walker, a cane or crutches to move around.
Electronic and Ultrasonic Bone Stimulation – The bone stimulation technique helps in the quick healing of the bone. Here, a low-electric current or a low-intensity pulsed sound wave is used.
Physical therapies – These are nothing but a range of exercises to maintain the motion and the strength in the muscles and the joints around the injured area. Examples of these activities are leg lifts and stretching the hamstrings.
Whether you opt for an operative procedure or a non-surgical one, always resort to expert guidance.
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