The high uric acid level is usually diagnosed incidentally while undergoing blood tests for any other condition. It is rapidly becoming a common abnormal finding on a routine test. It occurs more commonly in men. Usually, it affects men above 30 years and women usually get affected after menopause.
Why should we worry about high uric acid levels?
Other conditions that may occur due to uric acid crystals are kidney stones and uric acid associated kidney disease.
What is the cause of high uric acid levels?
High uric acid occurs when the body produces an excessive amount of uric acid by the breakdown of a chemical called Purine.
How to treat or prevent gout or high uric acid changes?
Diet- aim for a healthy balanced diet
Avoid crash diet or try high-protein
Regular exercise – consider swimming if you have arthritis
For acute gout (joint pain)- treatment is divided into focus on relieving intense joint pain followed by prevention of future episodes with medications.
An asymptomatic high uric acid level greater than 8 mg/dl, warrants further workup, lifestyle changes, and medications.
Your doctor may consider medications such as Allopurinol, Febuxostat for the prevention of gout and lowering uric acid levels. Medications should be taken under strict medical supervision.
Dr. Tarun Kaushik, Senior Consultant – Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation, Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Delhi
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