Heart failure is the heart’s inability to pump enough blood and oxygen to the whole body. As a result, the heart cannot function as it should. Unfortunately, the medical condition is a lifelong one. But, the severity of the disease depends on the affected individual. Timely medications, positive lifestyle changes, and required medical assistance can help the affected individual avoid the disease’s severe symptoms.
Negligence and procrastination in the treatment and medications to avoid heart failure can worsen the situation and make it difficult for the affected individual to lead a healthy lifestyle. A comprehensive understanding of heart disease will enable people to make informed health decisions, take proactive steps to prevent outbreaks through lifestyle changes, recognise early warning signs, and develop personalised treatment plans.
Symptoms of heart failure usually begin gradually and may appear during physical activity. However, as the disease progresses, symptoms may occur even at rest. Symptoms of Heart disease are:
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular or rapid pulse
- Persistent cough
- Difficulty sleeping
- Fatigue, faintness, weakness
- Loss of appetite, indigestion
- Unexplained weight gain
- Swelling of the abdomen
Additional symptoms that may occur in people with heart failure include difficulty in concentration or diminished alertness, reduced urine production, episodes of nausea and vomiting, and increased urge to urinate at night; infants with heart failure may show excessive sweating.
It is essential to know that some people with heart failure may not develop symptoms until certain conditions mentioned below occur.
- Abnormal heart rhythm
- Kidney disease
- Infection with high fever
Heart Failure Treatment Options
Heart failure treatment usually depends on the side effects of previous medical conditions. A common approach to heart failure treatment includes lifestyle changes and medications. If another health condition causes health failure, treating that condition may eliminate heart failure. Sometimes, heart failure patients may need surgery to open a blocked artery or implement devices to help the heart function. The disease is incurable but can be treated to improve symptoms.
Mentioned below are the medications for heart failure that can help the suffering individual recover from the symptoms of the disorder:
- ACE inhibitors ARBs and ARNs
- Potassium-sparing diuretics
- SGLT2 inhibitors
- Positive inotropes IV
Mentioned below are some of the procedures that can help to lower the symptoms and side effects of the medical disorder:
Procedures such as angioplasty, stent placement, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) may be recommended to improve blood flow to the heart.
Depending on the severity of the heart condition, few cases may undergo the same procedures as women, including angioplasty or CABG surgery.
Children may need surgery to correct structural heart defects or an implanted device such as a pacemaker or defibrillator. In a few conditions, a heart transplant may be the solution.
Older patients may undergo the same procedure as younger patients, such as angioplasty or CABG. However, the decision to undergo the invasive approach is carefully evaluated, considering the individual overall health and the potential risks associated with the surgery.
Procedures such as Coronary Bypass Surgery, Surgery, Implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT), Mechanical circulatory support (MCS), and heart transplant may also be recommended depending upon the severity of the condition.
Mentioned below are some simple lifestyle changes that can help to avoid the symptoms of heart failure and lower the side effects of the medical disorder:
A heart-healthy diet, regular physical activity, smoking cessation, stress management, and maintaining a healthy weight are some ways to keep the heart healthy.
Children with heart disease need age-appropriate lifestyle modifications. Dietary modification may include limiting sodium intake and providing adequate nutrition for growth and development. In addition, physical activity is recommended according to the child’s condition and limitations.
Older adults with heart disease may have additional considerations due to age factors and other medical conditions. Therefore, older people should make lifestyle modifications according to general health, physical abilities, and limitations to stay active.
When to Consult a Doctor
You can also get in touch with the expert cardiology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
Q. What are the treatment options for heart disease?
A. Several treatment options are available for heart disease, such as medicines, surgery, and devices such as ICIDs and VADs in severe cases, heart transplants.
Q. How does treatment differ depending on the type of heart disease?
A. Heart disease treatment depends on the specific type of severity of heart disease. Some types can be managed with lifestyle modification and medicines, while others may require invasive surgery or implantation.
Q. What lifestyle changes can help manage heart disease?
A. Several lifestyle changes can help manage heart disease, such as:
- Managing stress
- Eating healthy
- Regular exercise
Q. What medications are commonly used to treat heart disease?
A. Medications such as aspirin, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, and more are used to treat heart conditions.
Q. What surgical options are available for heart disease treatment?
A. Options like coronary bypass surgery, valve replacement, ICDs, CRT, etc., are used to treat heart disease.