Now is the time to fight against the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic that has gripped the entire world. We should fight it together, beyond all our boundaries, prejudices and obstacles, to stop its spread and ultimately eradicate it. This novel viral disease is caused by a new strain of Beta Coronavirus causing infection in our respiratory passage like SARS (2002) & MERS (2012). It spreads mostly through droplets or aerosols and indirectly through hands contaminated by viral particles.
After infection, the person is manifested with symptoms like fever, cough, body ache, the malaise in mild cases (about 85%). In severe cases (about 10-15%) it may manifest itself as breathing problems with low oxygen in the body, low blood pressure and rare situations, multi-organ failure with death (about 1-3%). In these severe cases, the patient needs admission in critical care units where treatment with oxygen, ventilator and other supportive life-saving measures are taken. Death rate increases amongst older age groups, patients with heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, respiratory diseases or any type of cancer. We need to prevent this disease as no definite antiviral medicines are available to date.
For prevention at an individual level we should undertake the following:
At the social level, please show your solidarity by exercising and spreading Govt. regulated measures like:
Please co-operate with the administration, medical system, policymakers and fulfill your social responsibilities. If we work together we may successfully bring down the numbers We will just have to wait and see.
Dr. Sauren Panja, Senior Consultant, Head of Department – Anaesthesia & Critical Care, Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Kolkata
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