The liver is the largest internal organ of the body. It helps to digest food, store glucose and convert toxic substances into less harmful wastes. Normally a healthy liver has some amount of fat in it but when the fat in the liver becomes more than 5 percent of the total weight of the organ then this condition is called as fatty liver disease. This excess fat in liver interferes with metabolic processes and can cause severe problems in the whole body.
Based on the cause of fat accumulation in the liver, this disease can be divided into 2 broad categories-
Most of the patients with fatty liver disease are asymptomatic and are incidentally diagnosed during routine blood tests and ultrasound. Some common symptoms of fatty liver disease are-
If the patient has alcoholic fatty liver disease, these symptoms may get worse after a period of heavy drinking.
The early warning signs of fatty liver disease are so mild and sometimes absent that it is very hard to catch early. To confirm the fatty liver disease, a physician may take some blood tests, ultrasound and liver biopsy.
The treatment of the fatty liver disease depends on pinpointing the exact cause behind it. It has been observed that in the case of alcoholic fatty liver disease, quitting alcohol can greatly improve the metabolic activities and can reverse the damage done to liver cells. In the case of a non-alcoholic fatty liver syndrome, it is advisable to reduce weight and stop taking medication without consulting the doctor. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and regular follow up with your doctor for further treatment is advised.
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