All of us adore the winter season. We enjoy hot snacks and sweets in the winter season. We also associate the winter season with festivals and a lot of fun and celebration with friends and families.
But the vulnerability of our heart also increases during the winter season.
Incidence of human casualties due to heart disease and stroke increase during the winter season. Luckily, these conditions are also avoidable with a healthy lifestyle.
Studies have shown that heart attacks are fatal in winters compared to summer. Angina, heart attack, and other heart-related conditions are more common on winter mornings.
How does winter affect heart health?
In cold weather, the probability of people getting sick with the common cold, fever, and flu increases. Winter can be more severe for heart patients. A decrease in temperature may result in many changes in our body, such as:
How does the winter affect heart patients?
The body responds physiologically to the changes in outside temperature.
Decreased temperature causes an increase in the body’s sympathetic nervous system activation resulting in constriction of blood vessels (vasoconstriction). This vasoconstriction may increase blood pressure, making it difficult for the heart to pump blood to body parts. This increased pressure may cause an increased risk of angina, heart attack, arrhythmia, and other cardiovascular diseases in people with ongoing heart conditions.
What are common health conditions that may increase the risk for heart patients in winter?
During winters, we are more prone to the following conditions:
In hypothermia, the body loses more heat than it generates. In hypothermia, body temperature is lower than normal body temperature 98.6F. Sometimes the temperature may fall below 95F. A person suffering from hypothermia may experience the following symptoms:
Angina is a coronary artery disease. Angina occurs when the heart does not get the optimal blood supply due to partial obstruction of blood vessels. The decreased temperature during winter may cause constriction of blood vessels, and the patient may experience angina. The most common symptoms in a patient suffering from angina are:
Preventive measures in winter
During the winter season, low temperature, pollution, and other factors may increase the risk of heart diseases. Following are some preventive measures to keep in mind to keep your heart healthy:
How to detect if you are having a heart problem?
Not all heart condition comes with warning signs. Always remain vigilant about any signs and immediately seek medical attention. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, get an immediate check-up:
The cold weather can be difficult for your heart. But with a proper lifestyle, you can make your heart enjoy this beautiful season. Also, do not ignore any symptoms and immediately consult your doctor. Any further delay in diagnosis and treatment of heart symptoms can be fatal and increase the risk of complications.
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