The common thing about these disorders is that they all are anal pathologies. The anus is the last orifice from which the stool is excreted. It is 4-5cm long. A terminal part of the anus has sensitive nerve endings, lined by blood vessels. The middle portion possesses several anal glands. Once we are through with the anatomy of the anus, let’s look into its various disorders.
Let’s look at each of the anal disorders:
What is piles disease?
Also called hemorrhoids, anal piles are swollen veins in the terminal part of the anus.
Some quick facts:
Is piles dangerous?
Generally, piles are not that serious. They normally get okay in a few days. Some of the common symptoms of piles are:
Piles become serious when there’s
Causes of piles
Piles generally occur due to excessive pressure in the lower rectum. Some of the reasons for piles:
Is piles curable?
In most cases, piles go away on their own. In case they don’t, you can try out some treatments such as:
What are fissures?
They are identified as a tear around the anus and is very painful.
How to know if you have anal fissures?
Some of the signs and symptoms of anal fissures are:
What can cause anal fissures?
Some of the common causes of anal fissures are:
Some other less common reasons for anal fissures are:
Are there any complications for anal fissures?
In case the anal fissures become serious, they may lead to complications such as:
What are fistulas?
The anal glands in the middle portion of the anus may get infected and cause an anal abscess, which starts oozing pus. Fistulas are the passage connecting the infected gland to the abscess.
Some quick facts
What are anal fistulas caused by?
Anal fistulas occur when the fluid glands in your anus are blocked. This leads to a bacteria buildup that may create pockets abscesses. Unless treated, abscesses may grow, finally moving outside near the anus hole to drain out. In most cases, abscesses may turn into fistulas. They may also be a result of conditions such as tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases.
How to identify anal fistulas?
When you have anal fistulas, you may experience signs such as pain, redness, and swelling around the anus. There can also be bleeding, painful bowel movements, and fever. In such cases, it’s advisable to visit a doctor.
Is it possible to diagnose anal fistulas?
Your doctor may be able to diagnose your anal fistula after a physical exam. Some fistulas may be easy to diagnose, some may not. Your doctor may check for oozing fluids or bleeding. They may also refer you to specialists in the colon and rectal problems. You may have to conduct some other tests such as X-rays or CT scans.
How are they all different?
Rectal bleeding in itself is a noticeable symptom and medical advice should be taken about it. All the above conditions have excellent outcomes once taken care of personally and medically. Ignoring the condition might lead to unexpected complications. As common as they are, a lot of people are facing similar problems as you are. It’s yet another disorder and it’s considered as one, don’t be embarrassed to ask for help, it’s just around the corner!
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