Categories: Neurology

Developmental Delay (Cerebral Palsy)

Developmental delay in children is a common reason for parents to get them at the Paediatric Neurology clinic and can be due to a large number of causes. There are several types of developmental delays in children and can affect a child’s cognitive, communication, social, physical, emotional, or behavioural skills. Developmental delays affect more than one area of a child’s development. When a child has delays in two or more or all of these areas, it is called global developmental delay.

Most developmental delays have an identifiable cause. Ascertaining the cause of developmental delay is crucial since the treatment plan and outcome will depend upon the underlying cause of delayed development, which is not a diagnosis by itself but rather a symptom of the disorder that is causing it.

Common causes of developmental delay (also known as cerebral palsy) include injury to the developing brain in-utero, or at the time of birth or immediately after birth due to a large variety of causes, accidental brain injury (including road traffic accidents, falls, etc.), as a result of severe brain infections (encephalitis or meningoencephalitis), genetic and chromosomal disorders, metabolic disorders, neuromuscular disorders to name a few.

Children may present as a motor delay only in neuromuscular disorders like myopathy, muscular dystrophy and hereditary neuropathy; as delay in language, communication and social spheres of development in autism spectrum disorders (see above), with or without additional delay in motor or adaptive developmental spheres. Children with cerebral palsy due to perinatal brain injury or genetic disorders usually have a global developmental delay.

Developmental delay requires a detailed evaluation by a paediatric neurologist who may, in turn, involve other necessary specialists depending on the child’s individual needs.

Treatment of developmental delay requires the management of the underlying cause and also neurodevelopmental therapy. Most children require a multi-disciplinary team approach for neurodevelopmental therapy. Such a team lead by a Paediatric Neurologist should also include Physiotherapist, Speech therapist, Occupational therapist, Audiologist, Child Psychologist, Child Psychiatrist, Geneticist, Paediatrician or Developmental Paediatrician, etc. With appropriate treatment and therapies, most kids with developmental delays improve over time.

Dr. Minal Kekatpure, Senior Consultant – Paediatric Neurology, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Center, Bangalore

Narayana Health

Recent Posts

सर्वाइकल कैंसर या बच्चेदानी के मुंह का कैंसर

बच्चेदानी के मुंह का कैंसर महिलाओं में होने वाले कैंसर में दूसरे स्थान पर आता…

2 weeks ago

Cervical Cancer Screening

Regular cervical screening can prevent about seven or eight out of every 10 cervical cancers…

2 weeks ago

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: All you need to know

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Table of Content: What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis? Who gets ALS? What…

3 weeks ago

Brain Angiogram: Why Is It Done?

Brain angiogram, also known as a cerebral angiogram, is one of the common diagnostic tests…

3 weeks ago

All you need to know about Ataxia

Table of Content: What is Ataxia? Causes Symptoms Risk Factors & Complications How is it…

3 weeks ago

पोस्ट कोविड सिंड्रोम में तेजी से बढ़ रही पल्मोनरी फाइब्रोसिस और एम्बोलिज्म (खून के थक्के) की समस्या

जयपुर। कोरोना संक्रमण से ठीक होने के बाद भी फेफड़ों पर इसका असर लंबे समय…

3 weeks ago