Categories: Coronavirus

Covid 19 Management in Children

Children who are in CLOSE contact with COVID Positive person

Give: Vitamin C – 250mg and Multivitamins to boost immunity

Watch: For symptoms

Test: – If symptoms Or 5/7 days after last exposure to an infected person

Quarantine: For 10 -14 days after last contact with the infected person

All contacts: Wear mask, sanitize and distance from each other to prevent further spread in the family

Children who test Positive for COVID – 19

Mild symptoms:

  • Dry cough, mild fever and runny nose are not serious symptoms

Watch for severe symptoms:

  • Fever (higher than 100.4 and persistent)
  • Severe Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rashes and red eyes
  • Lethargy or sick look
  • More than 6 watery stools a day

Treatment:

  • Fever: Treat as usual with paracetamol (crocin / calpol / fevago)
  • Cough Cold: Treat only if symptoms are severe with usual cough cold medicines
  • Antibiotics: Are usually not needed
  • Give: Vitamin C – 250mg and Multivitamins to boost immunity

Isolate:

  • Isolate for 10 days after onset of symptoms and take precautions for 7 more days

Severe Symptoms:

  • If you have any concerns, get the child checked at SRCC Children’s Hospital
  • Don’t worry: Most children recover well and DO NOT need hospitalisation

Note:

Some children develop symptoms, 7-14 days after recovering from COVID-19

Get your child checked if there is fever, rash, red eyes or mouth, diarrhea and vomiting

STAY HOME FOR 14 DAYS  Prevent Spread of Infection

SELF ISOLATION for COVID positive persons

QUARANTINE for contacts of COVID positive persons

DOS AND DON’TS

Self-isolation:

It is an effective precautionary measure to protect people around you – your family, friends, visitors – from contracting COVID-19. We know it’s a stressful time, but taking these measures will help protect you, your family and others as well.

Monitor your Health:

  • Take your temperature with a thermometer two times a day and monitor for fever
  • Watch for cough or trouble breathing
  • Wear a mask if you develop a fever or cough or if distancing is not possible
  • Report if you are unwell in any way
  • Stay home and avoid contact with others
  • If you have elders (> 60 years) or persons with illnesses, avoid contact with them for 14 days
  • Keep your distance from others (ideally about 6 feet)

Rooms and Bathrooms:

  • If possible, use a dedicated bathroom and bedroom
  • Cleaning of this room should be reduced to as-needed, to avoid unnecessary contact
  • If a separate room is not available, maintain a distance of 3-6 feet between people
  • If a separate bathroom is not available, the bathroom should be cleaned and disinfected after each use if possible.
  • Keep open windows and well-ventilated rooms

Visitors: No visitors to the house

Deliveries: Can come to the door

Meals:

  • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, pillows or other items with others
  • After using these items, you should wash them thoroughly with soap and water
  • Wash the clothes separately, preferably in a washing machine

Cleaning and Disinfection:

  • Frequently touched surfaces- tables, doorknobs, light switches, handles, desks, toilets, faucets and sinks
  • Household cleaner and disinfectants diluted household bleach solutions can be used if appropriate for the surface

Maintain Hygiene:

  • Wash your hands often with warm water and scrub with soap for at least 20 seconds before drying your hands thoroughly
  • You can also use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if your hands are not visibly dirty
  • Wash the child’s hands as well every time
  • Good hand hygiene is one of the most effective ways of reducing the risk of infection to you and to other people. If you live with others, they should also wash their hands regularly as a precaution. Encourage everyone in the house to wash and use sanitizer

Useful items: Tissues, sanitizer, surface cleaners with disinfectants.

Dr. Soonu Udani | Medical Director & Head – Paediatric Critical Care Emergency Services | Anaesthesia & Critical Care, Emergency Medicine | SRCC Children’s Hospital, Mumbai

Narayana Health

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