Assessing some common disorders in children

 

Children often fall sick. However, there are a few disorders which are quite common among children.

 

Endocrine Disorders

Growth and development are the essential norms of childhood and adolescence. Inadequate growth is secondary to a host of underlying factors ranging from chronic systemic diseases, endocrine deficiencies to genetic disorders. Periodic growth assessment and timely intervention with correction of the underlying cause of inadequacy yields gratifying results in this contemporary era of modern medicine.

Our growth clinics, led by able Paediatric Endocrinologists, offer meticulous surveillance through assessment and contemporary evidence-based therapeutic options for the heterogeneous cohort of children with growth deficiencies.

 

Obesity

As per WHO, obesity is the single most neglected disease with significant health consequences. Genetic predisposition (polygenic) and adverse environmental factors contribute significantly to the increased quantum of childhood Obesity in addition to hormonal imbalances & genetic disorders (monogenic). The negative consequences of Obesity like Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Metabolic Syndrome, Polycystic Ovarian Disease and much more, with the harmful health impact in addition to having their genesis in childhood, are increasingly being manifest in paediatric & adolescent population.

Our multi-disciplinary obesity clinics led by Paediatric Endocrinologists provide a holistic approach to the assessment and management of this often neglected health morbidity.

 

Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid disorders in children present with a myriad of clinical manifestations ranging from dullness, lethargy, poor metabolism, facial swelling, constipation, poor growth, and poor school performance to pubertal disorders. The congenital forms of the disease, if missed, can permanently impair the intellectual functioning of the child. Early detection of thyroid problems and meticulous assessment of the cause followed by timely treatment ensures excellent outcomes in children with this morbidity. Universal screening of the new-born for Congenital Hypothyroidism and the high index of suspicion of acquired thyroid disorders in children is an integral component of good paediatric practice.

 

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