Categories: Oncology

Cervical Cancer Screening

Regular cervical screening can prevent about seven or eight out of every 10 cervical cancers

Cervix is a part of the female reproductive tract. It is the lower narrow part of the uterus or “the womb” which connects to the vagina. Do not confuse the Cervix as a part of the neck

How do I get myself screened?

Cervical screening is used to detect early changes in cells of the cervix, which may develop into cancer in the future.

The first step in cervical screening is to take a sample of cells from the cervix using a simple test known as Pap smear.

How is Pap smear done?

It is taken during an internal examination of the vagina as an outpatient. It is not painful and takes only a few minutes. An instrument called the speculum is inserted to hold the walls of the vagina and some cells are gently taken, using a wooden spatula, and smeared on a glass slide. This slide is tested in a laboratory for abnormal cells. Even after a normal Pap test, it is still important to report any symptoms of abnormal vaginal bleeding, discharge or pain to your doctor and call to be seen right away.  Best time to have the test is midway between periods.

Who should get a pap smear done?

All women between the ages of 21 and 65 years who have ever been sexually active. Test should be done once in three years. Pap testing can be stopped after 65 years of age if the previous three tests are normal. Take the test, Not the risk

What is HPV testing?

HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) is a causal agent for the majority of cancers. This test is done on a sample of cells removed from the woman’s cervix, the same sample used for the Pap test (see below).  HPV testing may be done by itself or combined with a Pap test. Ideally, women 30 to 65 years old should receive an HPV test once every 5 years. Primary HPV testing alone is preferred. PAP smear alone are acceptable where access to primary HPV testing is limited or not available

Screening is not a substitute to vaccination.

Dr. Indu Bansal | Senior Consultant – Oncology, Radiation Oncology | Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Gurugram

Narayana Health

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