Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue found within the cavities of bones. It plays a crucial role in producing blood cells, including red blood cells that transport oxygen, white blood cells that fight infections, and platelets that aid in blood clotting. The marrow also contains stem cells that produce various blood cell types. It’s essential for maintaining overall health and proper circulatory and immune system functioning.
Vascular Section– The vascular section of bone marrow consists of blood vessels. These blood vessels supply nutrients and stem blood cells to the bones for their proper functioning. The network of thin walls is supported by hematopoietic cells. The section also provides essential nutrients, oxygen, and endocrine factors for healthy living. Improper functioning of the vascular area of the bone can cause issues such as various bone diseases, skeletal ageing, and haematological disorders.
Non-Vascular Section– The blood cell formation happens in the non-vascular section of the bones. The area consists of fat blood cells, immature blood cells, and white blood cells. Thin branches of reticular connective tissue are also available in this section. Hematopoiesis, or blood cell formation, happens in this section. The procedure involves the production of vital components of blood and plasma. The cells are packed in the middle of other essential elements such as fibroblasts of bone, collagen fibres, and dendritic cells.
Bone marrow consists of a combination of various cell types and components, including –
Light micrograph of red bone marrow, showing active hematopoietic tissue (purple, pink) and adipocytes (white spaces). Hematoxylin and eosin stain.
The composition of bone marrow is dynamic and it plays a vital role in hematopoiesis and overall immune system function.
The largest cell in the red bone marrow is the megakaryocyte(located in the centre). It is responsible for the production of blood platelets
You can also get in touch with the expert Oncology doctors at Narayana Healthcare based in your city to get immediate attention and medical support during injuries, health disorders or any other health concern.
The soft and spongy tissue inside the bone is known as Bone Marrow. These tissues consist of different types of cells responsible for the production of blood. It comprises red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets for healthy bones. In case of any problem with this spongy tissue, it can be resolved with the help of transplantation.
Q. What is Bone Marrow?
A. It is a spongy tissue inside the bones that is helpful for the production of important elements of blood, cartilage, and fat.
Q. What are the types of Bone Marrow?
A. Red and yellow bone marrow are the different types of Bone Marrow that are helpful in various stages of an individual’s life.
Q. What is a bone marrow problem?
A. Less than required production of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets can cause bone marrow problems.
Q. What is a Megakaryocyte?
A. The largest cell in the red bone marrow is the megakaryocyte. It is responsible for the production of blood platelets
Q. What is the function of bone marrow?
A. Bone marrow functions primarily in the production of blood cells (hematopoiesis), including red and white blood cells and platelets. It also stores hematopoietic stem cells and can transition between red and yellow marrow, with red marrow being essential for ongoing blood cell production.
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