Grapes are botanically berry fruit of the genus Vitis plants, which can be round, elongated, or oval-shaped. This fruit can be seedless or seeded variety. A cluster of grapes contains 15 to 300 fruits and comes in different colors, such as yellow, green, pink, orange, black, and dark blue.
High nutrient and antioxidant components make grapes the best go-to snack food item. Globally, there are around 8000 varieties available, including table grapes and wine grapes. We can add them to our regimen in various ways, such as raw fruits, raisins, jellies, or juices.
Grapes are wholesome food items as they contain a considerable amount of nutrients. They have a high amount of fibers and essential minerals. Grapes contain many vitamins, making them power-packed fruits. Some of the merits of grapes are:
- Grapes contain a sufficient amount of water and fibers and have a low glycemic index. So consuming grapes in moderate amount help lowering blood glucose level and decreases insulin resistance.
- Grapes are rich in vitamins, such as vitamins C, K, E, and B (mainly B1, B2, and B6). A moderate amount of grapes fulfill our daily requirement for these vitamins, which have numerous benefits.
Vitamin K is crucial for blot clotting mechanisms and bone health.
Vitamin B1 and B2 are vital for the growth and development of the body. Vitamin B6 plays an essential role in homocysteine metabolism, which reduces the risk of cognitive decline and dementia and boosts memory and attention.
- Potassium and several plant compounds present in grapes protect our heart from various diseases causing factors, as they lower blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels.
- Grapes contain a high amount of many efficacious antioxidants, which prevent us from chronic oxidative stress conditions. Resveratrol and Quercetin are two powerful antioxidants present in grapes, which protect us from diabetes, heart disease, chronic infections, and cancer.
- Grapes are high in plant compounds, such as resveratrol, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which lower the risk of eye conditions, mainly age-related macular degeneration, retina damage, glaucoma, and cataracts.
- Grapes have numerous vitamins, plant compounds, and minerals, which improve bone mineral density and decrease bone loss. So they are beneficial in many bone-related conditions, such as osteoporosis and menopause.
- Resveratrol antioxidant protects our skin and hair from damage and promotes new hair growth.
- Grapes are a good resource of melatonin (sleep-inducing hormone). So consuming grapes early in the evening may improve sleep quality.
Grapes are very nutritious, flavorful, and easy to add to our meals. So add them as a fruit, juice, or a glass of wine to utilize their health benefits.