Categories: Narayanahealth

Asthma in Children

1) What is asthma?

It is a noncommunicable disease, in which the airways get inflamed and obstructed, react easily to various irritants and if not detected and treated may lead to the airway tubes getting remodeled.

2) Does my child have asthma?

All children who wheeze do not have asthma. Most children with asthma do not wheeze.

3) The commoner symptoms are:

Repeated cough, usually at night or early morning, occasionally increasing with exercise.

There may be difficulty in breathing with a feeling of tightness in the chest.

There may be associated allergic symptoms of the nose, skin and eyes.

4) Diagnosis of asthma:

By listening carefully to the history given by the child and parents and family and a thorough clinical examination of the child.

Early diagnosis is important to start treatment improve quality of life, improve growth and development and prevent the development of chronic disease.

5) What are the goals of treatment?

  • Freedom from symptoms.
  • Hence reducing school absenteeism, frequent hospital visits, and acute attacks
  • Ability to continue normal daily activities 4-Improve growth.

6) What are the cornerstones of treatment?

  • Education
  • Dealing with allergens that trigger the symptoms
  • Medications
  • Follow up
  • Looking after the common associated conditions EDUCATION This is the most important part of management. Parents, child, and the other caregivers all need to be involved. Time is given to clear misconceptions and myths about the disease, the use of inhalers and steroids. The message is of hope and confidence and compliance.


To try and avoid allergens- Dust, smoke, mosquito coil burning. Wash soft toys avoid carpets, use plastic covers, cover garbage, attend to damp walls and ensure adequate sunlight and good ventilation.


The treatment is carried out in a stepwise fashion. In children, metered dose inhalers with valued spacer devices are used. The inhalers are either Quick Relievers or Controllers or Long-term relievers.


Regular follow up is essential to monitor the control of asthma

Dr. Debjani Gupta

Consultant – Paediatrics

Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Howrah

Narayana Health

Recent Posts

WORLD ASTHMA DAY 2021: Uncovering Asthma Misconceptions

Time when the entire world is struggling even to breathe, asthma patients challenges are unimaginable,…

2 days ago

बीमारियों पर कोविड संक्रमण का असर, कोविड वैक्सीन कितनी कारगर?

कोविड महामारी का दौर एक बार फिर तेज़ी से बढ़ रहा है। देश के बहुत…

6 days ago

Suicidal thoughts: How to deal with them?

Having suicidal thoughts is not uncommon. These kinds of negative thoughts occur to a majority…

1 week ago

Oral cancer: prevention and treatment

What is oral cancer Oral cancer or mouth cancer include cancer of lip, tongue, area…

1 week ago


What is a biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure in which we take the sample…

1 week ago

Bone sarcoma

Bone is mesenchymal tissue (dense connective tissue). Cancer in bone could be primary and secondary.…

1 week ago