Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection anywhere in the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the organs that produce, pass or store urine including the kidneys, ureters (the tube through which urine passes out of the kidneys), urinary bladder. UTI is quite common, especially in young children/infants. It can also occur in older children.
Signs and symptoms
A routine urine test can detect the possibility of a UTI. Additional tests such as a Urine Culture might also be performed.
Many children with UTI, especially below the age of 5 years, may have underlying problems of the urinary bladder or kidneys. Common tests done to identify these problems are:
Antibiotics are the mainstay of therapy. They can be taken orally or have to be given as injectables, depending on the severity of the illness and age of the child.
Most children with UTI make a good recovery and have no future problems.
In a very small number of children, there may be underlying kidney or urinary bladder problems, which will need further follow up. Your doctor will discuss the necessary tests and how to monitor this. It is recommended for a child who has had a UTI in the past to get the blood pressure checked yearly and to do a urine test in every subsequent episode of fever.
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