Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Ophthalmology includes sub-specialities which deal either with certain diseases or diseases of certain parts of the eye.

Some of them are:

  • Anterior Segment Surgery
  • Retinal Ophthalmology - emphasis on LASER treatment of the retina and actual retinal surgery
  • Cataracts - not usually considered a subspecialty per se, since most general ophthalmologists perform cataract surgery
  • Cornea, Ocular Surface and External Disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Medical Retina deals with treatment of retinal problems through non-surgical means
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Ocular Oncology
  • Oculoplastics & Orbit Surgery
  • Ophthalmic Pathology
  • Pediatric Ophthalmology/Strabismus (mis-alignment of the eyes)
  • Refractive Surgery
  • Uveitis
  • Immunology
  • Vitreo-retinal Surgery deals with surgical management of retinal and posterior segment diseases and disorders
  • Medical Retina and Vitreo-retinal Surgery sometimes together called posterior segment subspecialisation.